Kupiah Riman Ornament Motif as a Cultural Representation of the Acehnese Community

Ismawan Ismawan, Tri Supadmi, Tengku Hartati, Lindawati Lindawati

Abstract


The research entitled "Kupiah Riman Ornament Motifs as a Cultural Representation of the Acehnese Community '' aims to determine the Acehnese decorative motifs on Kupiah Riman as a cultural representation of the Acehnese people. Kupiah Riman is one type of handicrafts in the province of Aceh which serves to cover the head. Kupiah Riman is made from palm fiber. The manufacture is done manually with weaving and embroidery techniques, but this research focused on decorative motifs that are consistently applied to the kupiah. The approach in this research was qualitative with a descriptive type of research. The research data collection was done by means of observation, interview, and documentation. The data analysis was carried out by means of data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. The sources of data in this study were Kurniadi, the owner of Kupiah riman production as well as craftsmen, Badriyah, Nurhammah, Yunidar, Aisyah, and Nurhayati as Kupiah riman craftsmen, and the object of this research was the composition of motifs on Kupiah Riman. The results showed that the motifs applied consistently to Kupiah riman included the rainbow lines (Gareh peulangi), bamboo shoots (Pucok reubong), rectangular flowers (Bungong petak), Aceh Door (Pinto Aceh), headland flower (Bungong keupula), Cloud flower (Bungong Awan). These motifs are a description of natural and man-made phenomena that are used in people's lives to meet basic (primary) or additional (secondary) needs. This natural phenomenon is always present and is considered to have a role in the cultural life of the Acehnese people. These phenomena are abstracted into decorative forms using stylization and deformation techniques and even distortion and applied to Kupiah Riman. Therefore, it is clear that the motifs applied to the handicraft products of “Kupiah Riman'' represent the culture of the Acehnese people.

Keywords: Crafts, culture, society, Kupiah Riman.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, I. (2006). Konstruksi dan reproduksi kebudayaan, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ahmad, R. (2000). Penutup kepala laki-laki etnis Aceh. Banda Aceh: Bagian proyek pembinaan permuseuman Daerah Istimewa Aceh.

Bachtiar, H. W. et al. (1988). Masyarakat dan kebudayaan: Kumpulan karangan untuk Prof. Selo Soemardjan. Yogyakarta: Djambatan.

Basrowi, S. (2008). Memahami penelitian kualitatif. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Bostami, S. (2003). Seni kriya seni. Semarang: UPT UNNES Press.

DEPDIKBUD. (1991). Pakaian adat Aceh dan perkembangannya. Banda Aceh.

Koentjaraningrat. (2009). Pengantar ilmu antropologi, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Soedarso, S. P. (2007). Trilogi seni penciptaan eksistensi dan kegunaan seni.

Yogyakarta: Badan Penerbit ISI Yogyakarta.

Soemardjan, S. (1981). Perubahan sosial di Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Suparlan, P. (1984). Manusia, kebudayaan dan lingkungan, Jakarta: Rajawali. Desiree, Z., & Rizal, J. (1993). Masyarakat dan manusia dalam pembangunan:

Pokok-pokok pikiran Selo Soemardjan. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2017 Syiah Kuala University

ISSN: 2345-6789

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.