Impact of Covid-19 on the Local Tourism Industry In Aceh Province Indonesia: Comparison with and without Pandemic Covid 19

Sartiyah Sartiyah, Nurma Sari

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the condition of tourism industry activities, with and without the COVID-19 pandemic. The tourism industries studied are hotel, culinary, travel and tourist sites businesses. The sample obtained in a pandemic condition was only 132 industries , carried out in 3 tourism base areas in Aceh Province, namely Banda Aceh City, Aceh Besar District and Sabang City or Pulau Weh. The study was analyzed using the Quantitative Descriptive Method and The Wilcoxon Test on the tourism industry by comparing the activities of working hours, labor wages expenditure , revenues and other operational costs between with and without the Covid 19 Pandemic. The results reveal that there is a significant difference from the activities of the tourism industry working hours, labor wage expenditure , revenue and other operating costs, with and without a pandemic covid 19. Cost, revenue and profit significantly decreased tourism industries caused by the shrinkage of business activities in the condition of pandemic . The decline in tourism industry revenues was caused by a decrease in the demand for services by tourists, while the labor cost decreased due to a decrease in the number of workers and working hours. It is hoped that government policies will facilitate tourist mobility and do not apply obstacles with very strict large-scale social restrictions.
Keywords: Covid 19 Pandemic, Tourism Industry, Wilcoxon Test, Aceh Province


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfonsius (2020). Pelayanan Transportasi Online Di Era New Normal. Journal Of Accounting & Management Innovation, Vol.4 No.2, 2020, Pp. 76-90.

Allaberganov, Azizbek., Mohammed, Iddrisu., Alexander, Preko 2021. Government commitment to tourism and hospitality sector during COVID-19 pandemic. Tourism Critiques: Practice and Theory Emerald.Publishing Limited 2633-1225 DOI 10.1108/TRC-02-2021-0004 Anggraini T desi, (2021) Upaya Pemulihan Industri Pariwisata Dalam Situasi Pandemi Covid -19. Pariwisata. 8 (1) .Badan Pusat Statistik (2019). Statistik Indonesia. Jakarta Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (2019). Ini Tiga Faktor Penyebab Banjir Bandang Sentani [Internet]. [diakses 2019 Apr 6]. Tersedia pada: https://www.bnpb.go.id/ini-tiga-faktor-penyebab-banjir-bandang-sentani. Bartik, A. W., Bertrand, M., Cullen, Z. B., Glaeser, E. L., Luca, M., & Stanton, C. T. (2020). How are small businesses adjusting to COVID-19? Early evidence from a survey (No. w26989). National Bureau of Economic Research. Databoks (2021). Bagaimana Tren Kunjungan Turis Asing ke Indonesia Hingga Juni 2020? Databoks (katadata.co.id), diakses tanggal 6 September 2021. Databoks (2021). Bagaimana Tren Kunjungan Turis Asing ke Indonesia Hingga Juni 2020? Databoks (katadata.co.id), diakses tanggal 6 September 2021. Dogan Gursoy & Christina G. Chi (2020). Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on hospitality industry: review of the current situations and a research agenda. Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on hospitality industry: review of the current situations and a research agenda, Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 29:5, 527-529, DOI: 10.1080/19368623.2020.1788231 Hair, Joseph F., et al. 2010. Multivariate Data Análisis. Prentice-Hall,Inc.,New Jersey dpmptsp.jabarprov.go.id (2020). https://dpmptsp.jabarprov.go.id/web/ application /modules/arsip/files/1990_UU%209%20_kepariwisataan.pdf Hoque, Ashikul., et. Al., 2020. The Effect of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the Tourism Industry in China. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 52-58. ISSN 2651-6691 (Print)|ISSN 2651-6705 (Online).asianjournal.org. Indonesia-investments.com (2020). From Paradise to Hell ; How the COVID-19 Crisis Has Affected Bali, Indonesia’s Biggest Tourist Destination | Indonesia Investments (indonesia-investments.com) Kompas. (2020) .https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/08/06/12324011/ pertumbuhan- ekonomi- minus-jokowi-sebut-sektor-pariwisata-dan-penerbangan. Lagos, Dimitrios G., Poulaki, Panoraia , Lambrou, ., 2021., COVID-19 and Its Impact on Tourism Industry., 2021;1318:815-824. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-63761-3_45. Mohamed, A. (2021) A Literature Review: The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Somaliland Economy. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 9, 54-64. doi: 10.4236/jss.2021.92004. Pemerintah Aceh (2020) .https://acehprov.go.id/berita/kategori/pemerintahan/sektor-pariwisata-aceh-harus-siapkan-diri-dengan-konsep-new-normal Pitana, I G. dan Gayatri, P G. 2005. Sosiologi Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi Republik Indonesia. 2009. Undang-Undang No. 10 Tahun 2009 tentang Kepariwisataan. Lembaran Negara RI Tahun 2009, No. 4966. Sekretariat Negara. Jakarta Revindo, Mohamad D dkk.(2020). Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 terhadap Pariwisata Indonesia: Tantangan, Outlook dan Respon Kebijakan. Pusat Kajian Iklim Usaha dan GVC -LPEM FEB UI. Sugiyono. (2012). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung : Alfabeta.

Sudjana (2005). Metode Statistika. Penerbit Tarsito. Bandung. Tourism Economics (2020). Total Travel Industry Impact. Çevrimiçi: https://www.ustravel.org/toolkit/covid-19-travel-industry-research, searched: 8.09.2021. Wahidah, Idah dkk. (2020). Pandemik Covid-19: Analisis Perencanaan Pemerintah dan Masyarakat dalam Berbagai Upaya Pencegahan. Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi (JMO), Vol. 11 No. 3, Desember 2020, Hal. 179-188. WTO (2020). International Tourism Highlights. Çevrimiçi: https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/ pdf/10.18111/9789284421152, searched: 18.08.2021. Uğur, Naciye Güliz and Akbıyık, Adem. 2020. Impacts of COVID-19 on global tourism industry: A cross-regional comparison. Tourism Management Perspectives.36 (2020). 100744. Uğur, Naciye Güliz and Akbıyık, Adem (2020). Impacts of COVID-19 on global tourism industry: A cross-regional comparison. Elsevier Public Health Emergency Collection. Published online 2020 Sep 6. doi: 10.1016/j.tmp.2020.100744. PMCID: PMC7474895. PMID: 32923356 www.nutraingredients-asia.com. 2020. https://www.nutraingredients-asia.com/Article/2020/02/03/Coronavirus-impact-Nutrition-retailers-hit-by-drastic-cut-in-China-tourist-number www.nutraingredients-asia.com. 2020. https://www.nutraingredients-asia.com /Article/2020/02/03/Coronavirus-impact-Nutrition-retailers-hit-by-drastic-cut-in-China-tourist-number.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2017 Syiah Kuala University

ISSN: 2345-6789

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.