Inclusive and Sustainable Development of Kampung Kota in Indonesia

Mirza Fuady, Buraida Buraida, M Rafi Farrel


The deteriorating condition of kampung kota or urban village settlements is a common problem faced by Indonesian city governments. Urban village residential areas tend to appear slum and disorganized with environmental physical conditions that do not meet technical and health requirements. Meanwhile, over time, economic growth and development activities in the city continue to increase so that due to the limited land available in the city, the pressure on the existence of urban villages becomes even greater. The sustainability of urban villages, especially in the city center as a residential area, is becoming increasingly threatened to be replaced by other non-settlement functions which are considered more economically profitable. For this reason, this research was conducted with the aim of knowing and describing the relationship between inclusive and sustainable development and the existence of urban villages in Indonesia. This descriptive study uses a qualitative approach by collecting and analyzing data related to sustainable inclusive development and the development of urban villages in several cities in Indonesia and using it as a reference to understand the relationship between inclusive and sustainable development and the existence of urban villages in Indonesia. The results of the study show that the physical sustainability of the urban village, although slowly, is getting better, while the socio-economic dimensions of the urban village remain more prominent. This has an impact on the visual appearance of urban villages in Indonesia which is not yet good, but the community still has the desire to improve the quality of the village even with their own abilities. Several innovations to revive socio-economic activities and improve physical quality have been successfully implemented in several urban villages in Indonesia. The innovation and independence approach must continue to be supported by the government by creating inclusive development policies and programs that encourage other urban villages to improve for the better in supporting the sustainability of cities in Indonesia.

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