HAMBATAN CAKUPAN IMUNISASI PADA ANAK DI KABUPATEN ACEH UTARA

Safrina Edayani, Ida Suryawati

Abstract


Program imunisasi merupakan salah satu upaya untuk memberikan perlindungan kepada penduduk terhadap penyakit tertentu dan diberikan kepada populasi yang dianggap rentan terjangkit penyakit menular, salah satunya bayi. Program imunisasi dapat mencegah 2-3 juta kematian setiap tahunnya dari penyakit infeksi seperti TBC, difteri, tetanus, hepatitis B, pertusis, campak, rubella, polio, radang selaput otak, dan radang paru-paru. Universal Child Immunization merupakan indikator untuk menilai keberhasilan pelaksanaan imunisasi dengan target 2018 adalah 80%, capaian Aceh 48% dan Kabupaten Aceh Utara 46%. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengekplorasi hambatan cakupan imunisasi dasar pada anak di Kabupaten Aceh Utara. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah fenomenologi. Partisipan adalah ibu-ibu yang mempunyai anak usia dibawah 24 bulan dengan status imunisasi dasar tidak ada/tidak lengkap sebanyak 14 orang. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode wawancara mendalam. Analisa data dilakukan secara manual dengan melakukan analysis conten pada transkrip wawancara dan lembaran catatan, menggunakan metode analisis Giorgi. Penelitian ini menemukan hambatan cakupan imunisasi yaitu keyakinan individu, dampak fisik, dampak psikologis, ketersediaan vaksin, ketersediaan waktu, jarak kelahiran anak, riwayat penyakit sebelumnya, kurang informasi. Petugas kesehatan diharapkan untuk lebih aktif dalam memberikan informasi terkait imunisasi melalui penyuluhan kepada masyarakat, khususnya keluarga yang mempunyai bayi, tentang pentingnya imunisasi, efek samping, dan komposisi dari vaksin.

Kata Kunci: hambatan imunisasi, anak

 

ABSTRACT

The immunization program is an effort to provide protection to the population against certain diseases and this is aimed at populations that are considered vulnerable to contracting infectious diseases, one of which is infants. This immunization program can prevent 2-3 million deaths each year from several infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B, pertussis, measles, rubella, polio, inflammation of the lining of the brain, and pneumonia. Universal child organization is an indicator to assess the success of the immunization program with a target in 2018 of 80%, Aceh's achievement of 48% and the target of achievement in the North Aceh district of 46%. The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers to basic immunization coverage for children in North Aceh Regency. The type of research used is phenomenology. Participants are mothers who have children under the age of 24 months with no basic / incomplete immunization status, totaling 14 people. Data collection is done by in-depth interview method. Data analysis was performed manually by analyzing content on interview transcripts and note sheets, using the Giorgi analysis method. This study found barriers to immunization coverage included individual beliefs, physical impact, psychological impact, vaccine availability, time availability, child birth spacing, previous disease history, lack of information. Health workers are expected to be more active in providing information related to the immunization program through counseling to the community, especially families who have babies, about the importance of immunization, side effects, and the content of vaccines.

Keywords: immunization barriers, children.


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.52199/inj.v10i3.19759

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


INJ

IDEA NURSING JURNAL

ISSN (Print) : 2087-2879

ISSN (Online) : 2580-2445

Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Jl. Tgk. Tanoh Abee, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111,

Phone/Fax. Telp: +62651 7555249.

e-mail: inj@usk.ac.id


indexed by:

DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR  DESKRIPSI GAMBAR

Lisensi Creative Commons
Idea Nursing Journal (INJ) is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License