EVALUASI DAN DESAIN PERBAIKAN DINDING PENAHAN TANAH TIPE DINDING GRAVITASI DI CIKUPA, TANGERANG, BANTEN

Ignatius Tommy Pratama, Budijanto Widjaja, Gilberta Miranda Hutabarat

Abstract


Gravity-type earth retaining wall in a factory area in Cikupa, Tangerang, Banten was found to move, resulting in cracks as large as 4 cm on the wall and the drainage channel behind the wall. Thus, this paper tries to investigate the cause of the wall movement through field observation and an analytical approach. The analytical approach was carried out using conventional and numerical methods to evaluate the external and global stabilities of the wall. The external stability analyses were performed using the conventional method and consisted of checking the wall overturning, sliding stabilities, and soil bearing capacity. Meanwhile, for the numerical approach, the finite element method was used to evaluate the global stability of the wall. The Mohr-Coulomb material model was used to simulate the stress-strain behavior of the soils in the finite element analysis. It was then found during field investigation and through the numerical simulation that the existing wall moved laterally, indicating that it experienced sliding failure. Furthermore, the analysis results also show that the existing wall design did not meet the safety criteria against external stability, especially sliding stability, bearing capacity, and global stability. It was mainly due to the poor fill material and poor foundation soil that was probably not identified during the initial soil investigation. Thus, a thorough wall repair was required to secure the adjacent warehouse. The suggested method to repair the wall is to replace the existing wall with a cantilever retaining wall system supported by bored piles, followed by replacing the fill material. A pile wall placed behind the new retaining wall was also necessary to protect the adjacent warehouse during the new wall construction. Eventually, this paper was expected to give an understanding to the readers about the importance of detailed soil exploration before construction and following the design guideline in designing any geotechnical structures.

Keywords


Gravity wall; Earth retaining wall; Wall stability; Numerical analysis; Finite element method

Full Text:

PDF

References


ACI Committee 318. 2008. ACI 318M-08: Building code requirement for structural concrete and commentary. ACI, Michigan, USA.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2017. SNI 8460-2017: Persyaratan perancangan geoteknik. BSN, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Brinkgreeve, R. B. J., Shen, R. F. 2011. Structural Elements and Modelling Excavations in Plaxis. PowerPoint Presentation File, Delft, the Netherlands.

Budhu, M. 2011. Soil mechanics and foundation. 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey, USA.

Caquot, A., and Kerisel, J. 1953. Sur le terme de surface dans le calcul des fondations en milieu pulverulent. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 16-27 August, Zurich, Swiss.

Das, B. 2011. Principles of foundation engineering. 7th ed. Cengage Learning, Stamford, USA.

Hanna, A. M. and Meyerhof, G. G. 1981. Experimental evaluation of bearing capacity of footings subjected to inclined loads. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 18 (4), pp. 599–603.

Hansen, J. B. 1970. A revised and extended formula for bearing capacity. Bulletin 28, Danish Geotechnical Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Livneh, M. and Ishai, I. 1987. Pavement and material evaluation by dynamic cone penetrometer. Proceedings of Sixth International Conference, Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements, 13-17 July, Michigan, USA.

Meyerhof, G. G. 1963. Some recent research on the bearing capacity of foundations. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 1 (1), pp. 16–26.

Prandtl, L. 1921. Über die eindringungsfestigkeit (härte) plastischer baustoffe und die festigkeit von schneiden. Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik. 1 (1), pp. 15–20.

Reissner, H. 1924. Zum Erddruckproblem. Proceedings of First International Congress of Applied Mechanics, Delft, the Netherlands.

Schmertmann, J. H. 1969. Dutch friction cone penetration exploration of research area at Field 5, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, US Army Waterways Experimental Station, Vicksburg, Mississippi. Contract Report S-69-4.

Vesic, A. S. 1973. Analysis of ultimate loads of shallow foundation. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 99 (1), pp. 45–73.

Yewalekar, M. B., Yewalekar, M. B., Jain, V. S., Samleti, A. T., Ghorpade, K. H. 2020. Causes of failure of retaining wall and it’s prevention: a review. International Journal of Engineering, Science, and Computing (IJESC). 10(3).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jarsp.v5i4.27492

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Ignatius Tommy Pratama, Budijanto Widjaja, Gilberta Miranda Hutabarat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan (Journal of Archive in Civil Engineering and Planning).

Terakreditasi SINTA 3 Berdasarkan Surat Keputusan Direktur Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Riset, dan Teknologi, Nomor: 158/E/KPT/2021.

E-ISSN: 2615-1340 P-ISSN: 2620-7567 Organized by Program Studi Magister Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik.

Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala.
Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam - Banda Aceh, 23111
Website: http://www.jurnal.usk.ac.id/JARSP/index
Email: jts.mts@usk.ac.id

 Creative Commons License

The Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan (Journal of Archive in Civil Engineering and Planning).
Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on work at http://www.jurnal.usk.ac.id/JARSP/index

 

 VIEW STATS