EVALUATION OF SULFURIC ACID, BARIUM CHLORIDE, AND SEED GERMINATION ASSAY METHODS AS EARLY PREGNANCY DETECTION INSTRUMENTS IN CATTLE

Zul Azmi, Muhammad I. Desem, Muhammad I. Desem, Hastuti Handayani S. Purba, Hastuti Handayani S. Purba, Dwi Endrawati, Dwi Endrawati, Faidah Rachmawati, Faidah Rachmawati, Eni Kusumaningtyas, Eni Kusumaningtyas, Didik T. Subekti, Didik T. Subekti

Abstract


This study aims to validate and re-evaluate the use of H2SO4, BaCl2, and seed germination assay (SGA) methods to detect early pregnancy in
cattle. Validation was carried out in order to find out the actual test performance value, which include accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity.
Validation test was done by reacting the urine of pregnant and non-pregnant cattle populations with H2SO4 solution diluted at a ratio of 1 : 4, with 1% BaCl2 solution or through germination of mung bean seeds in Petri dishes. The results of this study indicated that the H2SO4 and BaCl2 methods have poor accuracy (21.88% and 28.13%) with the sensitivity of 81.82% and 100% and specificity of 9.43% and 13.21%, respectively. Meanwhile, the SGA method had a fairly good accuracy (74.55%) with sensitivity and specificity of 45.46% and 81.82%, respectively. Based on these results, the H2SO4, BaCl2, and SGA methods are not recommended for detection of early pregnancy in the field.


Keywords


deteksi kebuntingan dini; sapi; asam sulfat; barium klorida; perkecambahan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v14i2.15271

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