Profile of Critical Thinking Skills of Chemistry Education Students in Solving Problems Related to the Concept of Mole

Jenny Pratiwi, Rahmat Rasmawan*, Erlina Erlina, Eny Enawaty, Maria Ulfah


Critical thinking skills are needed in solving problems because identitying problems requires an analytical thinking process based on clear data and reasons. The purpose of this study was to describe the critical thinking skills of chemistry education students class of 2020 in solving problems related to the mole concept. The type of research used in this study is descriptive quantitative. Subjects who participated voluntarily in this study were 38 people out of 49 chemistry education students class of 2020. Data collection techniques using measurement and direct communication. The research instrument used was adopted from the stoichiometry e-book developed by Rahmat Rasmawan in 2022 which has been validated by 10 validators with a score of 85 which means it is valid and can be used. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis. The results showed that critical thinking skills in the skilled category was 40%, while in the less and unskilled were 55% and 5% respectively. In each indicator, which are making assumptions is in the highly skilled criteria with 66%, making inductive thinking conclusions are in the skilled criteria with 84%, and interpreting information is in the unskilled criteria with 61%. The critical thinking skills of students in the 2020 chemistry education class are still in the unskilled category, this is due to the inhibiting factors, namely the online learning system and inappropriate learning methods


Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Quantitative, Problem Based Learning, Online Learning

Full Text:



Adiwiguna, P.S., Dantes, N., & Gunamantha, I.M. 2019. The effect of stem-oriented problem-based learning (PBL) model on critical thinking ability and science literacy of grade V students in Gugus I Gusti Ketut Pudja. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Indonesia, 3(2):94–103.

Álvarez, H.P., Muela, A., & Larrea, I. 2022. Disposition toward critical thinking and creative confidence beliefs in higher education students: The mediating role of openness to diversity and challenge. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 43(1):1-9. 1016/j.tsc.2022.101003

Barta, A., Fodor, L.A., Tamas, B., & Szamoskozi, I. 2022. The development of students critical thinking abilities and dispositions through the concept mapping learning method – a meta-analysis. Educational Research Review, 37(1):1-17. j.edurev.2022.100481

Belecina, R.R. & Ocampo, Jr.J.M. 2018. Effecting change on students critical thinking in problem-solving. Educare, 10(2):109–118.

Fadhilah, N., Nurdiyanti, N., Anisa, A., & Wajdi, M. 2022. Integration of STEAM-problem based learning through online to critical thinking skills of biology education students. JIPI (Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA), 6(1):1–10. jipi.v6i1.22721

Febrianto, T., Ngabekti, S., & Saptono, S. 2021. The effectiveness of schoology-assisted PBL-STEM to improve critical thinking ability of junior high school students. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 10(2):222–229. 42993

Handayani, N.A. & Jumadi, J. 2021. Analysis of online science learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 9(2):217–233.

Matthee, M. & Turpin, M. 2019. Invited paper teaching critical thinking, problem-solving , and design thinking : Preparing IS students for the future. Information Systems Education, 30(4):242-252. p242.htm

Mukarramah, M., Gani, A., & Winarni, S. 2021. Analysis of the suitability of learning implementation tools with 21st century learning demands. JIPI (Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam), 5(3):233–241. jipi.v5i3.21934

Oktariani, O., Febliza, A., & Fauziah, N. 2020. Critical thinking skills of chemistry teacher candidates as readiness to face the industrial revolution 4.0. Journal of Natural Science and Integration, 3(2):114-127. v3i2.8791

Pratiwiningrum, F.M., Hairida, H., Sartika, R.P., & Rasmawan, R. 2022. Description of teachers' ability in designing active learning activities with discovery learning and problem-based learning models. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(6):8096–8105.

Putri, C.D., Pursitasari, I.D., & Rubini, B. 2020. Problem-based learning integrated with STEM in the era of the covid-19 pandemic to improve students' critical thinking skills. JIPI (Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA), 4(2):193–204. 17859

Putri, R., Ismail, S., & Hasan, M. 2016. The effect of problem-based learning model on critical thinking and elasticity learning outcomes of Xi class students of Sma Negeri 7 Banda Aceh. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 4(1):117-128. 10444

Rachmantika, A.R., & Wardono. 2019. The role of students' critical thinking skills in learning mathematics with problem-solving. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika, 2(1):439-443.

Rasmawan, R. 2017. Profile of critical thinking skills of students and its correlation with academic achievement index. EduChemia (Jurnal Kimia Dan Pendidikan), 2(2):130-140.

Rasmawan, R. 2022. Stoichiometry e-book based on creative problem solving to solve conceptual problems. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia Indonesia, 6(1):70–78.

Rijal, M. & Sere, I. 2017. Means of scientific thinking. Jurnal Biology Science & Education, 6(2):176-185.

Romadona, N.S., Aulia, W.S.N., Lestari, S.R., & Nana. 2020. Misconception identification using the certainty response index method on gas kinetic theory material in class XI SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 8(1):64–70. jgs.8.1.64-70

Seki, N., Sireerat, K., Foxton, R., Liao, S.R., & Morio, I. 2022. Critical thinking education for dental schools in Asia: Perceptions of educators. Journal of Dental Sciences, 18(1):443-447.

Solikhin, M. & Fauziah, A.N.M. 2021. Analysis of junior high school students' critical thinking skills in science lessons during online learning during the covid-19 pandemic. Pensa E-Jurnal: Pendidikan Sains, 9(2):89-93

Sundari, P.D. & Sarkity, D. 2021. Critical thinking skills of high school students on temperature and heat materials in learning physics. Journal of Natural Science and Integration, 4(2):149-161. publication/360471070

Suryani, K., Sukardi, S., Khairudin, K., Sasmita, D., & Rahmadani, A.F. 2020. Profile of computer science students on critical and creative thinking skills. Edukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan, 18(2):159-169.

Syaribuddin, S., Khaldun, I., & Musri, M. 2016. Application of problem-based learning model with audio visual media on chemical bonding material on concept mastery and critical thinking of students of SMA Negeri 1 Panga. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 4(2):96–105. https://jurnal.

Wiliawanto, W., Bernard, M., Akbar, P., & Sugandi, A. I. 2019. Penactment of question students has active learning strategy to improve mathematics critical thinking ability of vocational students. Jurnal Cendekia : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(1):139–148.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jenny Pratiwi, Rahmat Rasmawan, Erlina Erlina, Eny Enawaty, Maria Ulfah

Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education)

ISSN 2338-4379  (print) | 2615-840X (online)
Organized by Universitas Syiah Kuala 
Published by Master of Science Education Study Program Graduate School Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Website :
Email     :


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.