Development of Critical Thinking Skills Based Handout on the Topic of the Human Respiratory System to Improve Science Literacy in Junior High School Students

Rizky Antika, Indra Fardhani*, Arief Muttaqiin, Dian Nugraheni, Khalifatulloh Fiel'ardh

Abstract


This research focuses on developing handout teaching materials based on critical thinking skills to enhance students' scientific literacy. The study employed the R&D development method, along with the ADDIE model. The research subjects included material and media validators, science teachers, and eighth-grade of Junior high school students. The research utilized validation forms, questionnaire responses, pretest, and posttest as instruments. Data analysis techniques involved percentage equation, independent sample t-test, N-gain test, and effect size test. The results indicated that the handouts' quality, as assessed by material validators, was 92.31%, while media validators reported a score of 90.89%, placing both categories in the very decent range. There was a significant difference in average learning outcomes between students who utilize handouts and those who did not. The increase in scientific literacy ability was 0.7, indicating a high category, and the effect size of using handouts is 2.8, denoting a large category. Consequently, handout teaching materials based on critical thinking skills are deemed suitable for improving students' scientific literacy.

Keywords


critical thinking skills; handout; human respiratory system; scientific literacy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v12i1.33432

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Copyright (c) 2024 Rizky Antika, Indra Fardhani, Arief Muttaqiin, Dian Nugraheni



Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education)

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