Is my stress right or wrong? Studying the production of stress by non-native speaking teachers of English

Ika Apriani Fata


This study aims at exploring the production of stress by non native English teachers in Aceh. It also inquires into how these teachers of English overcame their shortcomings in oral English language teaching. 45 non native English teachers from Aceh were recorded. They came from four regions in the province of Aceh, namely Aceh Timur, Langsa, Aceh Utara and Aceh Besar. The participants have taught English from five to 15 years. The approach used in this paper is qualitative by focusing on the method of lexical stress analysis suggested by Crystal (1969), Halliday (1970) and McCawley (1986).  The study reveals that variations of lexical stresses were produced by the teachers with 13-15 years of teaching experience.  Those from Langsa and Aceh Timur produced the most varied stresses. Therefore, it is suggested for future research to conduct a more in-depth study on this topic with a wider sample of participants and more target words. It is also proposed that possible socio-phonological language inferences in the production of English stress by EFL teachers should be explored.


Lexical stress; English variation; Acehnese non-native English teachers

Full Text:



Birjandi, P. (2005). An introduction to phonetics. Tehran: Zabankadeh Publications.

Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (2006). Praat: doing phonetics by computer (version 4.4.20) [Computer software]. Retrieved December 14, 2006 from

Chung, K. (2006). The phonetics and phonology of Taiwan English. Retrieved March 4, 2014 from

Crystal, D. (1969). Prosodic system and intonation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (1979). Prosodic development. In P. Fletcher & M. Garman (Eds). Language acquisition (pp. 33-48). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (2003). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Fata, A. I. (2013). Acehnese English teachers’ intonation. Proceedings of Consortium Asia Pacific Education University (pp. 45-50). Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

Fudge, E. C. (1984). English word-stress. London: Allen & Unwin.

Gimson, A. C. (1980). Phonology. London: Oxford University Press.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1970). A course in spoken English: Intonation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

James, M. (2010). Variability in speech process. English Communication, 5(1), 56- 63.

Ladefoged, P. (1982). Phonetics and phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Li, W. (2010). The relationship between the self-concept of the pronunciation and oral level of English majors. Journal of Zhangzhou Institute of Technology, 4(1), 59-62.

McCawley, J. D. (1986). Today the world, tomorrow phonology. Phonology Yearbook, 3: 27-44.

Roach, P. (1987). English phonetics and phonology: A practical course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roach, P. (2001). Phonetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Spencer, A. (2001). Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Wang, C. (2004). English pronunciation self-concept and actual pronunciation performance. Foreign Language World, 5(2), 62-67.

Weda, S. (2012). Stress shifts of English utterances made by Indonesian speakers of English (ISE). International Journal of English Linguistics, 2(4), 30-38.

Xu, S., & Cao, Y. (2012). Research in relevance between the phonetic self-concept and English learning. Journal of Xinjiang Normal University, 2 (2), 98-101.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Journal Stats