A Study of Error Analysis from Students’ Sentences in Writing

Rizki Ananda, Sofyan A. Gani, Rosnani Sahardin


This study was to investigate the types of  sentence errors and their frequency  made by  first grade students from  a high school in Banda Aceh in their writing  of English. The participants for  this study were 44 first graders chosen by random sampling. The research method used was quantitative as the data was analyzed with a statistical procedure. The data was  obtained  from written tests  for  a descriptive text entitled “My school” of 120-140 word length. This study found that three out of four sentence errors in the students’ writing were fragmented sentences whilst nearly a quarter of the errors were run-on or comma splice sentences. There were only a few  choppy sentence  errors and no  stringy sentence  errors. The data revealed five  types  of fragmented  sentences:  these were  the absence of  a  subject, the absence of  a  verb, the absence of  both  a  subject and  a  verb, the absence of  a verb in a dependent clause, and the absence of an independent clause.


Sentence errors; error analysis; written test

Full Text:



Azar, B. S. (1981). Understanding and using English grammar. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Borg, W. R, Gall, J. Y., & Gall, M. D. (1981). Applying educational research, 3rd ed. White Plains: Longman.

Chen, L. L. (2006). The effect of the use of L1 in a multimedia tutorial on grammar learning: An error analysis of Taiwanese beginning EFL learners’ English essays. Asian EFL Journal Quarterly, 8(2): 76-110.

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ellis, R. (1986). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fatemi, M. A. (2008). The relationship between writing competence, language proficiency and grammatical errors in the writing of Iranian TEFL sophomores. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

Feigenbaum, I. (1985). The grammar handbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Leki, I. (2011). Academic writing: Exploring processes and strategies. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mungungu, S. S. (2010). Error analysis: Investigating the writing of ESL Namibian learners. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of South Africa, Pretoria.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (1991). Writing: Academic English, 2nd ed. New York: Longman.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (1999). Writing: Academic English, 3rd ed. White Plains: Longman.

Phillips, D. (2001). Longman complete course for the TOEFL test: preparation for computer and paper test. White Plains: Longman.

Robinson, T. H., & Modrey, L. (1986). Active writing. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Rustipa, K. (2011): Contrastive analysis, error analysis, inter-language and the implication to language teaching. Ragam Jurnal Pengembangan Humaniora, 11(1): 16-22.

Rozimela, Y. (2004). The writing skills in a senior high school in Indonesia. English Language Teaching and Learning, (7): 83-98.

Sudijono, A. (2006). Pengantar statistik pendidikan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v1i2.1828

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Journal Stats