Language attitudes toward Global Englishes: Is Thai accented English our identity?

Monparath Charatwattananich, Jeremy Proces


This study examines language attitudes toward Global Englishes (GE) among employees of multinational companies in Thailand’s Chonburi and Rayong provinces. Sequential mixed-method research is applied. The survey questionnaires were first distributed and a total of 120 participants responded. The participants were employees in multinational companies and used English as their primary working language. The analysis of questionnaires revealed a prevailing inclination towards native speakerism while acknowledging the importance of GE in the global workplace. Participants demonstrated proficiency in communicating with both native and non-native English speakers. An in-depth interview approach is used with 10 informants for confirming or disconfirming the survey results. However, interviews highlight a complex attitude towards GE, particularly among high-ranking individuals who strongly adhere to standard English ideology. Nonetheless, a significant number of participants recommended introducing GE concepts to Thai students as a valuable step towards familiarizing them with diverse English varieties. This recognition of the need to prepare the next generation for a globalized world is encouraging. The prevalence of native speakerism underscores the urgency of addressing language attitudes and promoting linguistic inclusivity within the global workplace. By fostering on cultural awareness and embracing linguistic diversity, we can create a more inclusive environment that appreciates and values different English accents and expressions. This study highlights the ongoing importance of these efforts in promoting a comprehensive understanding of GE and nurturing a global mindset among individuals and institutions alike.


accents; Global Englishes; language attitudes; standard ideology

Full Text:



Allport, G. (1954). The historical background of modern social psychology. In G. Lindzey (Ed.), Handbook of social psychology Vol. 1: Theory and method (pp. 3-56). Addison-Wesley.

Baker, C. (1992). Attitudes and language. Multilingual Matters.

Boonsuk, Y., Ambele, E. A., & McKinley, J. (2021). Developing awareness of Global Englishes: Moving away from ‘native standards’ for Thai university ELT. System, 99, 102511.

Chan, J. Y. H. (2018). Gender and attitudes towards English varieties: Implications for teaching as a global language. System, 76, 62-79.

Cogo, A., & Yanaprasart, P. (2018). “English is the language of business”: An exploration of language ideologies in two European corporate contexts. In T. Sherman & J. Nekvapil (Eds.), Volume 5 English in business and commerce: Interactions and policies (pp. 96-116). De Gruyter Mouton.

Conroy, R. M. (2016). The RCSI sample size handbook: A rough guide. The Beaumont Hospital Ethics (Medical Research) Committee.

Creswell, J. W. (2011). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Pearson.

Dawadi, S., Shrestha, S., & Giri, R. A. (2021). Mixed-methods research: A discussion on its types, challenges, and criticisms. Journal of Practical Studies in Education, 2(2), 25-36.

de Boer, A., Pijl, S. J., & Minneart, A. (2011). Regular primary school teachers’ attitudes towards inclusive education: A review of the literature. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 15(3), 331-353.

Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt Bruce Jovanovich College Publishers.

Galloway, N. (2013). Global Englishes and English Language Teaching (ELT)–Bridging the gap between theory and practice in a Japanese context. System, 41(3), 786-803.

Galloway, N., & Rose, H. (2015). Introducing Global Englishes. Routledge.

Garrett, P. (2010). Attitudes to language. Cambridge University Press.

Garrett, P., Coupland, N., & Williams, A. (2003). Investigating language attitudes: Social meanings of dialect, ethnicity, and performance. University of Wales Press.

Hiranburana, K. (2017). Use of English in the Thai workplace. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(1), 31-38.

Im, G.-H. (2021). Conceptualizing constructs of English in international business workplaces. Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics, 21, 324-340.

Jenkins, J. (2015). Global Englishes: A resource book for students (3rd ed.). Routledge.

Jindapitak, N. (2015). English as a lingua franca: Learners’ views on pronunciation. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 12(2), 260-275.

Jindapitak, N. (2019). English as an ASEAN lingua franca and the role of nativeness in English education in Thailand. English Today, 35(2), 36-41.

Jindapitak, N., Teo, A., & Savski, K. (2022a). The impacts of raising English learners’ awareness of global Englishes on their attitudes toward language variation. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 19(1), 20-35,

Jindapitak, N., Teo, A., & Savski, K. (2022b). Bringing Global Englishes to the ELT classroom: English language learners’ reflections. Asian Englishes, 24(3), 279-293.

Lin, H. Y. (2020). The impact of global English: Perceptions of English promotion, English education and the ELT industry in Taiwan. Asian EFL Journal, 24, 102-140.

Lindemann, S. (2005). Who speaks “broken English”? US undergraduates’ perceptions of non-native English. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 15(2), 187-212.

Lippi-Green, R. (2011). English with an accent: Language, ideology and discrimination in the United States (2nd ed.). Routledge.

Liu, L. (2016). Using generic inductive approach in qualitative educational research: A case study analysis. Journal of Education and Learning, 5(2), 129-35,

McKenzie, R. M., Kitikanan, P., & Boriboon, P. (2016). The competence and warmth of Thai students’ attitudes towards varieties of English: The effect of gender and perceptions of L1 diversity. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 37(6), 536-550.

Oppenheim, B. (1982). An exercise in attitude measurement. In G. M. Breakwell, H. Foot, & R. Gilmour (Eds.), Social psychology (pp. 38-56). Palgrave.

Prabjandee, D., Kewara, P., & Zhu, R. (2020). Language attitudes toward Global Englishes among Thai undergraduate students. Journal of Education and Practice, 11(33), 17-28.

Rose, H., & Galloway, N. (2019). Global Englishes for language teaching. Cambridge.

Saldana, J. (2013). The coding manual for qualitative researchers (2nd ed.). Sage.

Thamrin, T. (2018). The language attitudes of Minangkabau people towards Minangkabau and Indonesian language. International Journal of Language Teaching and Education, 2(2), 157-175.

Tripasai, P. (2019). The construction of ideological subjects: Siamese students in Anna Leonowens’ English classroom. Changing English, 26(3), 295-305.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Journal Stats