Penampilan Ayam Pedaging yang Mengkonsumsi Pakan Mengandung Tepung Kulit Nanas Disuplementasi dengan Yoghurt

Nurhayati Nurhayati


Broiler chicken performance feed ration containing pineapple peel meal and supplemented by yoghurt

ABSTRACT. An experiment was conducted to determine the broiler performance feed ration contained pineapple peel meal supplemented by yoghurt. A hundred broiler chickens 2 days old were used in this study those divided into 4 treatment groups and kept for 4 weeks. The treatments were level of pineapple peel meal (PPM) into the ration; P0 = ration without PPM, P1 = ration contained 5 % of PPM, P2 = ration contained 10 % of PPM and P3 = ration contained 15 % of PPM. To neutralize high crude fiber content in the ration, chickens were supplemented by yoghurt consisted 3,3 x 108 CFU/ml of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus as much as 3 ml/kg body weight. Yoghurt was offered in the morning before feeding. Each treatment was replicated 5 times. The experiment was assigned into Completely Randomized Design with 4 treatments and 5 replications. Parameters were feed consumption, water consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Data were analyzed by Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and significantly effect was tested by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Results of this study showed that there was no significant difference (P>0.05) among 0, 5, and 10 % the treatment groups on feed consumption, water consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Offered 15 % of pineapple peel to the chickens did not significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and conversion ratio but did not significantly (P>0.05) decreased body weight gain.  It is concluded that pineapple peel meal might be mixed into the broiler chicken ration up to 10 % without any significant adverse effect  on performance when they were supplemented by yoghurt as much as 3 ml/kg of body weight.


Broiler Chicken; Pineapple Peel; Yoghurt

Full Text:



Anggorodi. 1994. Nutrisi Aneka Ternak Unggas. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Badan Pusat Statistik (2012). Statistik Indonesia 2012. Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.

Brake, J.D., Chamblee, T. N., Schultz, C. D., Peebles E. D. and Thaxton. J. P. 1992. Daily Feed and Water Consumption From 0 to 21 Days of Age' of Broiler Chicks. J. Appl. Poultry Res. 1 : 160 – 163.

Fuller, R. 1997. The importance of lactobacili in maintaining normal microbial balance in the crop. British Poultry Science 18 : 85 – 94.

Ganesh, S. 2006. A Novel Yogurt Product with Lactobacillus Acidophilus. Thesis. Faculty of the Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Louisiana, USA.

Hongisto, S.M., Paajanen, L., Saxelin, M. and Korpela. R. 2006. A combination of Fibre-Rich Rye Bread and Yoghurt Containing Lactobacillus GG Improves Bowel Function in Women with Self-Reported Constipation. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 60 (3) : 319 – 324.

Kabir, S.M.L., Rahman, M. M., Rahman M.B. and Ahmed. S.U. 2004. The dynamic of probiotics on growth performance and immune response in broiler. International Journal of Poultry Science 3 (5) : 361 – 364.

Mansoub, N.H. 2011. Comparison of Effects of Using Yogurt and Probiotic on Performance and Serum Composition of Broiler Chickens. Annals of Biological Research 2 (3) : 121-125.

Mountzouris, K.C., Tsirtsikos, P., Kalamara, E.. Nitsch, S. G. Schatzmayr and Fegeros, K. 2007. Evaluation of the efficacy of a probiotic containing Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Enterococcus, and Pediococcus strains in promoting broiler performance and modulating caecal microflora composition and metabolic activities. Poultry Science 86 (2) : 309 – 317.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. 9th Rev. Ed. National Academies Press. Washington, D.C.

Patterson, J. A. and Burkholder. K.M. 2003. Application of prebiotics and probiotics in poultry production. Poultry Science 82 (4) : 627 – 631.

Rasyaf, M. 1993. Beternak Ayam Pedaging. Edisi Revisi. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Samanta, M. and Biswas, P.1995. Effect of feeding pro-biotic and lactic acid on the performance of broiler. Journal of Indian Poultry Science 30 : 145 – 147.

Sanz, T.,. Salvador, A. Jiménez, A. and Fiszman S.M. 2008. Yogurt Enrichment with Functional Asparagus Fibre. Effect of Fibre Extraction Method On Rheological Properties, Colour, And Sensory Acceptance. European Food Research and Technology 227 (5) : 1515-1521.

SAS 9.1 Portable for Windows. 2010. SAS Institute, Inc. Cary, North Carolina.

Shabani, R., M. Nosrati, F. Javandel, A.A.A. Gothbi and Kioumarsi. H. 2012. The effect of probiotics on growth performance of broilers. Annals of Biological Research 3 (12) : 5450 – 5452.

Swick, R. A. 1999. Water Quality and Management for Poultry. American Soybean Association, Singapore.

Taklimi, S.M.S.M., H. Lotfollahian, A.Z. Shahne, F. Mirzaeil and Alinejad, A. 2012. Study on Efficacy of Probiotic in Broiler Chickens Diet. Agricultural Sciences 3 (1) : 5 – 8.

Tamime, A.Y. and Robinson, R.K. 2007. Yoghurt Scince and Technology. 3rd ed. Woodhead Publishing in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition. England.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2024 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Syiah Kuala 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633

Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations