Aplikasi Herbisida Clomazone dan Pendimethalin pada Tanaman Kedelai Kultivar Argomulyo: I. Karakteristik Gulma

Hasanuddin Hasanuddin


ABSTRAK. Efektivitas herbisida dalam mengendalikan gulma sangat ditentukan oleh faktor jenis dan dosis herbisida.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan jenis dan dosis yang tepat untuk mengendalikan gulma pada tanaman kedelai kultivar argomulyo. Jenis herbisida yang digunakan adalah: clomazone dan pendimethalin, sedangkan dosis yang digunakan adalah: 0; 0,75; 1.50; dan 2,25 kg b.a.ha-1. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok bifaktorial.  Peubah yang diamati adalah: persentase pengendalian gulma, persentase penutupan gulma, dan jenis gulma. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis herbisida sebanyak 2,25 kg b.a.ha-1 dapat meningkatkan persentase pengendalian gulma Cleome rutidospermae dan Ipomoea triloba serta menurunkan persentase penutupan gulma. Herbisida pendimethalin dapat meningkatkan persentase pengendalian gulma Cleome rutidospermae.

The Application of Herbicide Clomazone and Pendimethalin on Argomulyo Cultivar of Soybean: I. Weed Characteristic

. The effectiveness of herbicide to control weeds is determined by type and dosage of herbicide.  This research aimed was to study the accurate type and dosage of herbicide to control weeds on soybean of argomulyo cultivar. Herbicide type and dosage tested were clomazone and pendimethalin, and 0; 0.75; 1.50; and 2.25 kg a.e.ha-1 respectively. To understand the effect of both factors on the effectiveness of herbicide, Randomized Completely Block Design was employed.  The variables observed were weed control percentage, weed coverage percentage, and weed species. The result showed that application 2.25 kg a.e.ha-1 of herbicide increase the percentage of weed control on Cleome rutidospermae and Ipomoea triloba but decreases weed coverage percentage. Meanwhile pendimethalin herbicide simply raises the control percentage of Cleome rutidospermae.


clomazone; pendimethalin; kultivar argomulyo; kedelai; karakteristik gulma; argomulyo cultivar; soybean; weed characteristic

Full Text:



Bhowmik, P.C., A.J. Bussan, J.L. Griffin, J.L. Hazen, T.W. Miller, K.N. Reddy, C.D. Salisbury, P.J. Tranel, W.K. Vencill, & T.R. Wright. 2000. Common and chemical names of herbicides approved by the Weed Science Society of America. Weed Sci. 48:786-792.

Copping, L.G. 2002. Herbicide discovery. p:93-113. In R.E.L. Naylor (ed.) Weed management handbook. 9th ed. Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK.

Cudney, D.W. 1996. Why herbicides are selective. 1996 Symposium Pro-ceedings. California Exotic Pest Plant Council.http://wwww.cal-ipc-org/ sym-posia/archive/pdf/ 1996_symposium proceeding 1827. pdf. Diakses tanggal 29 April 2012.

Culpepper, A.S., & A.C. York. 2000. Weed management in ultra narrow row cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol. 14:19-29.

Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan. 2010. Pestisida untuk pertanian dan kehutanan. Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan. Jakarta.

Duke, S.O., R.N. Paul., J.M. Becerril., & J.H. Schmidt. 1991. Clomazone causes accumulation of sesquiterpenoids in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Weed Sci. 39:339-346.

FMC. 1991. Command. Effective control of grasses and broadleaves. FMC corporation. Agricultural Chemical Group, Philadelphia, PA.

Gomez, K. A., & A. A. Gomez. 1995. Prosedur statistik untuk penelitian pertanian. (terjemahan) edisi kedua. Universitas Indonesia Press, Jakarta.

Hess, F.D. 2000. Review. Light-dependent herbicides: An overview. Weed Sci. 48:160-170.

Ismail, B.S., & K. Kalithasan. 1999. Effects of repeated application on persistence and downward movement of four herbicides in soil. Aust. J. Soil Res. 35:503-513.

Jordan, D.L., P.K. Bollich, A.B. Burns, & D.M. Walker. 1998. Rice (Oryza sativa) response to clomazone. Weed Sci. 46:374-380.

Komisi Pestisida. 2000. Pestisida untuk pertanian dan kehutanan. Departemen Pertanian R.I, Jakarta.

Martin, H. 2000. Herbicide mode of action categories. Available at http://www. gov.on.ca/OMAFRA/english/crops/facts00-061.htm#pig. (Verified 22 Apr. 2002).

Mueller-Warrant, G.W. 1999. Duration of control from preemergence herbicides for use in nonburned grass seed crops. Weed Technol. 13:439-449.

Rao, V. S. 2000. Principles of weed science. 2nd ed. Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, NH.

Reade, P.H., & A.H. Cobb. 2002. Herbicides: Modes of action and metabolism. p:134-170. In R.E.L. Naylor (ed.) Weed management handbook. 9th ed. Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK.

Tharp, B.E., & J.J. Kells. 2000. Effect of soil-applied herbicides on establishment of cover crop species. Weed Technol. 14:596-601.

Tonks, D.J., C.V. Eberlein, & M. I. Guittieri. 2000. Preemergence weed control in potato (Solanum tuberosum) with ethalfluralin. Weed Technol. 14:287-292.

Vencill, W.K., K. Armbrust, H.G. Hancock, D. Johnson, G. McDonald, D. Kinter. F. Lichtner, H.McLean, J. Reynolds, D. Rushing, S. Senseman, & D. Wauchope. 2002. Herbicide handbook. 8th ed. WSSA, Lawrence, KS.

Webster, E.P., F.L. Baldwin, & T.L. Dillon. 1999. The potential for clomazone use in rice (Oryza sativa). Weed Technol.


Wichert, R.A., & R.E. Talbert. 1992. Soybean [Glycine max (L.)] response to lactofen. Weed Sci. 41:23-37.

Zimdahl, R.L., P. Catizon, & A. Butcher. 1984. Degradation of pendimethalin in soil. Weed Sci. 32:408-412.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 1997-2018 | ISSN: 1410-3389 | EISSN: 2597-9973 
Jurnal Agrista is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Published by: 
The Faculty of AgricultureSyiah Kuala University 
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam, 
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia. 
Phone: +62-81383736633 
Email: agrista@unsyiah.ac.id

Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations