Karakteristik pantai Taman Nasional Wakatobi dalam mendukung potensi wisata bahari: Studi kasus Pulau Wangiwangi

Dini Purbani, Yulius ., Muhammad Ramdhan, Taslim Arifin, H.L. Salim, Nadya Novianti

Abstract


Abstract. Wakatobi Regency with its capital Wangiwangi Island has a great potential of natural resources, i.e.  sloping white sandy beach which strategically stretched out from north to south. The purpose of  this research is to identify beach type, to make a map of beach type in Wangiwangi island  and to identify potential of object tourism.  The metodology of this research is using field observation and the Geographical Information System (GIS). The field obervation was used to measure the beach’s width, length and slope.  The tools used in research are geological compass and applicable measurement equipment. The result of field obervation was used to make spasial analysis to get Map of beach characteristic. Processing of beach map characteristic using ARC GIS 9.3. The lithology of Wangiwangi island beach is limestone, its morphology is of high relief and low relief and there are three types of its characteristic, (they are); sandy beach, sandy beach with fragment coral and cliff beach. The locations of sandy beach are at waha and cemara beach. The location of Sandy beach with fragment coral are at Wapia beach, in Patuno island, in Matahora island and for cliff  beach are at Weki beach, in Kapotan island, at Buni beach and Batutobengko beach. The sandy beach and sandy beach with fragment coral are suitable for coastal tourism such as swimming, sunbathing and fishing.

Keywords: Geographical Information System (GIS); beach characteristic; Wangiwangi Island; coastal tourism.

 

Abstrak. Kabupaten Wakatobi dengan pusat pemerintahan di Pulau Wangiwangi memiliki sumberdaya alam yang sangat potensial dengan pantainya yang landai dan berpasir putih, membujur dari utara ke selatan dan posisinya sangat strategis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasikan jenis pantai di Pulau Wangiwangi dan memetakan kondisi pantai di Pulau Wangiwangi serta mengidentifikasikan potensi wisatanya . Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode observasi langsung dan analisis spasial. Pengamatan observasi langsung diterapkan untuk mengukur lebar pantai, panjang pantai dan berm menggunakan alat ukur meteran, sedangkan kemiringan pantai dengan kompas geologi. Hasil dari pengamatan pantai digunakan untuk membuat  analisis spasial sehingga diperoleh Peta jenis karakteristik pantai. Proses pengolahan mengunakan ARC GIS 9,3. Kondisi  pantai  Pulau Wangiwangi berdasarkan geologi (litologi penyusun)  didominasi oleh Batu Gamping Koral (Limestone), morfologi terdiri atas Relief Tinggi dan Relief Sedang sedangkan karakteristik pantai Pulau Wang-Wangi  terdiri dari  Pantai berpasir,. Pantai berpasir bercampur fragmen karang dan. Pantai bertebing karang. Lokasi Pantai Berpasir di Pantai Waha dan Pantai Cemara. Pantai Berpasir bercampur fragmen karang berada di Pantai Wapia, Pantai Patuno, Pulau Matahora, sedangkan Pantai bertebing karang tersebar di Pantai Weki, Pulau Kapotan, Bungi dan Batutobengko. Potensi wisata pantai dapat diusulkan pada jenis pantai berpasir dan pantai berpasir bercampur fragmen karang. Objek wisata antara lain berenang, berjemur dan memancing.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.3.2.1539

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PUBLISHER ADDRESS:

Faculty of Marine and Fisheries
Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jalan Meureubo No. 1, Kopelma Darussalam
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

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This work  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - 4.0 International Public License (CC BY - 4.0).

Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan is accredited by Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kemenristekdikti Republic of Indonesia starts from Volume 7 Number 3, 2018 based on decree letter (SK) No. 30 / E / KPT / 2019, November 11, 2019 (Sinta  2 Grade)