Distribution pattern of benthos based on substrate in the mangrove area of Labuhan Haji District, South Aceh Regency

Rasma Hasyiati, Muhammad Ali Sarong, Safrida Safrida, Djufri Djufri, Ismul Huda

Abstract


Mangrove areas can function as habitats for spawning, rearing, and foraging for various species in them. Benthos is an organism that lives on the bottom of the water. Research on benthos distribution patterns based on substrate was carried out with the aim of studying benthos species, types of substrates, and analyzing benthos distribution patterns based on substrates in Labuhan Haji District, South Aceh District, Aceh Province. The method used in this study is the method of observation and field work. The benthos distribution pattern based on the substrate was calculated using the morphic index. Identification results found 31 species of benthos consisting of 3 classes, namely gastropods with 7 orders, bivalves with 4 orders, and malacostraca with 1 order and the type of substrate analyzed obtained 4 types of substrate namely dusty loam, sandy loam, silt and sand. The benthos distribution pattern based on the substrate obtained 2 categories, namely uniform on sandy loam and sandy clay substrates, and clustered on dusty and dusty clay substrates.

Keywords:

Mangroves

Benthos

Substrate Type

Spread pattern

Labuhan Haji


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.12.3.31503

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PUBLISHER ADDRESS:

Faculty of Marine and Fisheries
Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jalan Meureubo No. 1, Kopelma Darussalam
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

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This work  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - 4.0 International Public License (CC BY - 4.0).

Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan is accredited by Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kemenristekdikti Republic of Indonesia starts from Volume 7 Number 3, 2018 based on decree letter (SK) No. 30 / E / KPT / 2019, November 11, 2019 (Sinta  2 Grade)