Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Pupuk Hayati Mikoriza dan Varietas Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Terung Ungu (Solanum melongena L.) pada Tanah Ultisol

Maisarah B, Syafruddin Syafruddin, Taufan Hidayat

Abstract


Eggplant is a vegetable that is quite popular and loved by the public. Apart from being delicious for making various vegetables and fresh vegetables, young eggplant fruit also contains quite high nutrition and is complete in composition. One effort that can increase the growth and yield of purple eggplant plants is by using mycorrhizal biological fertilizer and using superior varieties. This research aims to determine the effect of mycorrhizal biofertilizer types and varieties on ultisol soil and to determine the interaction between these two factors on the growth and yield of purple eggplant plants. This research was carried out in the Farmers' Garden of Padang Village, Terangun District, Gayo Lues Lues Regency at an altitude of 1,370 meters above sea level and the Horticulture Laboratory of the Agrotechnology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh. This research was conducted from September 2022 to January 2023. Randomized Block Design (RAK) with a 3 ⅹ 3 factorial pattern with 3 replications, so that there were 9 treatment combinations and 27 experimental units, consisting of two factors, namely the mycorrhizal type (M) factor. consists of 3 levels, namely glomus mosseae, Gigaspora sp. mixed (glomus mosseae, Gigaspora sp.) and purple eggplant varieties (V) which consist of three levels, namely Antaboga F1, MustangF1 and Lezata F1 varieties. The factors studied were the type of mycorrhiza and varieties in Ultisol soil. The parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, number of fruit per plant, total fruit weight per plant, potential yield, and percentage of roots colonized by mycorrhiza. The results showed that Mycorrhiza Gigaspora sp. and the Mustang variety produces purple eggplant with the best growth and yield. The interaction between mycorrhizal types and the best combination varieties was found in the mycorrhizal type Gigaspora sp. with the Lezata variety at plant height at 15 HSPT, for the mycorrhizal type Glomus mosseae with the Lezata variety at the number of leaves at 15 HSPT, for the mycorrhizal type Gigaspora sp. with the Mustang variety on planted fruit weight and yield potential, and on mixed mycorrhizal types with the Mustang variety on the percentage of mycorrhizal colonized roots.

Keywords


mycorrhiza, varieties, purple eggplant, ultisol soil

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References


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ISSN / E-ISSN1907-2686 / 2597-9108
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