TINDAK TUTUR DIREKTIF DALAM NOVEL LOLONG ANJING DI BULAN KARYA ARAFAT NUR

Nurhaliza Nurhaliza, Ramli Ramli, Muhammad Idham

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Penelitian yang berjudul Tindak Tutur Direktif dalan Novel Lolong Anjing d Bulan Karya Arafat Nur membahas tentang tindak tutur direktif memerintah, melarang, menanya, meminta, dan menasihati dalam novel Lolong Anjing di Bulan karya Arafat Nur. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah pendekatan deskriptif - kualitatif. Data penelitian ini bersumber dari tuturan-tuturan dalam percakapan antartokoh, sedangkan sumber data adalah novel Lolong Anjing di Bulan karya Arafat Nur. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik telaah dokumen, teknik observasi, dan teknik pencatatan. Hasil penelitiian menunjukkan bahwa (1) tindak tutur direktif “memerintah” disampaikan secara langsung dan dapat ditandai dengan penggunaan kata, Ayo, coba, dan partikel –lah. Selanjutnya, dalam bentuk tuturan, seperti “Ayo, Zir, kita berangkat.”; (2) tidak tutur direktif “melarang” dapat ditandai dengan penggunaan verba jangan dan tidak. Adapun dalam bentuk tuturan, seperti “Jangan panggil aku dengan sebutan itu.”; (3) tindak tutur direktif “menanya” disampaikan secara langsung dan secara tidak langsung. Tindak tutur direktif “menanya” ditandai dengan bentuk tuturan kata “apa, siapa, di mana, kapan, mengapa, bagaimana, ya, tanda (?) dan pertikel –kah. Selanjutnya, dapat pula ditandai secara langsung dengan tuturan seperti “Kau tahu di mana Arkam sekarang?” dan secara tidak langsung, seperti “Bagaimana kalau pemberontak datang membakar pos kalian? Kenapa pos sampai dikosongkan?” dan secara tidak langsung seperti “Kemana saja mereka selama ini? Siapa yang menolong orangtua mereka selama sakitnya? Kenapa mereka tidak merasa bersalah tidak bisa melihat orangtuanya saat terbaring sakit? Kenapa sekarang tiba-tiba mereka datang menuntut hak?”; (4) tindak tutur direktif “meminta” ditandai denga penggunaan kata minta, tolong, mohon, seandainya, semoga, dan partikel -lah. Adapun tuturan yang disampaikan secara langsung, seperti “Senang sekali seandainya aku bisa berbesanan denganmu.”; (5) tindak tutur direktif “menasihati” disampaikan secara langsung yang di tandai dengan penggunaan kata agar, sebaiknya, seharusnya, supaya, pastikan, walaupun, dan  hendaknya. Dalam bentuk kata seharusnya, seperti tuturan “Seusiaku sekarang ini, seharusnya aku sudah hidup tenang. Tak ada lain yang kuharapkan selain menikmati hari tua yang damai. Dengan begitu, kelak matiku akan damai pula.”

Kata kunci : tindak tutur, direktif, novel

ABSTRACT

 

Thee researlch entitled Directives' Speech Acits in the Lolong Anjing di Bulan of Arafat Nur's work discusses directive speech acts governing, banning, asking, asking, and advising in the novel Lolong Anjing di Bulan by Arafat Nur. Thee approacch used iin this research iis descriptive-qualitativee apprioach. The data of this study were sourced from speeches in interpersonal conversations, was the Novel Lolong Anjing di Bulan by Arafat Nur. Date collecction is doone by document review techniques, observation techniques, and recording technieques. The results showed that (1) the directive speech act of "commanding" was delivered directly and could be characterized by the use of the words, Come on, try, and particle-lah. Furthermore, in the form of utterances, such as "Come on, Zir, off we go."; (2) the directive speech acts "prohibit" can be marked by the use of verbs do not and do not. As for the form of speech, such as "Do not call me by that title."; (3) the directive act of asking questions is conveyed directly and indirectly. The directive speech acts "ask" are marked by what form of speech, who, where, when, why, how, yes, signs (?) And pertikellah. Fuurthermore, it can alsoo be directly marrked with utterances such as "Do you know where Arkam is now?" and indirectly, like "What if the rebels come to burn your posts? Why did you leave the post blank? " and indirectly like "Where have they been all this time? Who helped their parents during their illness? Why don't they feel guilty that they can't see their parents when they are sick? Why are they suddenly coming to claim rights? "; (4) the diirective speech act of "asking" is marked bye the use of the word ask, help, beg, if, hopefully, and particle. As for the speech delivered directly, such as "It would be nice if I could book with you."; (5) the directive act of "advising" is delivered directly which is marked by the use of the word so, it should, it should, so that, make sure, though, and should. In the form of words it should, like the words "My age now, I should have lived quietly. There was nothing else I hoped for besides enjoying a peaceful old age. That way, one day my eyes will be at peace too. "

Keyword: speech act, directive, novel

 


 

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