ANALISIS KARAKTER TOKOH UTAMA DALAM NOVEL SEMUA IKAN DI LANGIT KARYA ZIGGY ZEZSYAZEOVIENNAZABRIZKIE

Budi Alfathan Putra, Rostina Taib, Herman R

Abstract


ABSTRAK 

Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang karakter tokoh utama dalam Novel Semua Ikan di Langit karya Ziggy Zezsyazeoviennazabrizkie. Penelitian ini meliputi unsur karakter tokoh utama dan teknik pengarang menggambarkan karakter tokoh utama. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan karakter tokoh utama dan teknik penggambaran karakter tokoh utama yang terdapat dalam Novel Semua Ikan di Langit karya Ziggy Zezsyazeoviennazabrizkie. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik kepustakaan. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis isi. Hasil penelitian ini memperoleh berbagai karakter tokoh utama dan berbagai teknik yang digunakan oleh pengarang dalam menggambarkan karakter tokoh utama tersebut. Tokoh utama dalam novel ini adalah Bus Damri dan Beliau. Bus Damri memiliki 20 karakter, di antaranya tiga dari dimensi fisik, yaitu: (1) berbadan besar, (2) mendengar melalui lantai, dan (3) bersih. Dari dimensi psikis, Bus Damri memiliki lima belas karakter, yaitu, (1) ramah, (2) mudah percaya, (3) peduli, (4) penyayang, (5) peniru, (6) suka berimajinasi, (7) suka menghibur, (8) senang mendenganrkan cerita,  (9) penasaran, (10) sadar diri, (11) takut dengan kecepatan tinggi, (12) ragu-ragu, (13) pengecut/pecundang, (14) ingin mengenali dengan baik, dan (15) tidak pandai berhitung. Kemudian, dari dimensi sosial, Bus Damri memiliki dua karakter, yaitu, (1) semangat bekerja (2) profesional dalam bekerja. Tokoh beliau memiliki satu karakter dari dimensi fisik dan sepuluh karakter dari dimensi psikis. Dimensi psikis yang dimiliki Beliau yaitu (1) suka dipuji, (2) sedih ketika melihat perperangan, (3) marah ketika melihat penindasan, (4) penyayang, (5) senang menjahit, (7) senang mengemudi dengan cepat, (8) tidak peduli dengan perkatan orang lain, dan (9) bisa mengubah waktu, dan (10) baik hati. Teknik penyajian karakter tokoh utama dalam novel ini ada dua yaitu teknik ekspositori (langsung) dan teknik dramatis (tidak langsung). Teknik langsung dalam cerita ini hanya ditemukan satu sedangkan teknik tidak langsung ada 24 teknik yang digunakan pengarang. Di antaranya satu teknik cakapan tokoh, satu teknik tingkah laku, dua teknik pikiran dan perasaan, tiga teknik arus kesadaran, satu teknik reaksi tokoh, delapan teknik reaksi tokoh lain, satu teknik pelukisan latar, dan enam teknik pelukisan fisik. Setelah diteliti dan dianalisis, Novel Semua Ikan di Langit lebih banyak menggunakan teknik tidak langsung dalam menggambarkan karakter tokoh utamanya.

Kata Kunci : karakter, tokoh utama, novel

  

ABSTRACT 

The study that examined the main characters in the novel Semua Ikan di Langit by Ziggy Zezsyazeoviennazabrizkie included elements of the main characters and author techniques describing the main characters. This study describes the main characters and the main character depiction technique found in the Novel Semua Ikan di Langit by Ziggy Zezsyazeoviennazabrizkie. The author use library techniques in this study. The data analysis technique of this study used content analysis techniques. The results of this study obtained a variety of main character's character and techniques used by the author in describing the main character's character. The main characters in this novel are Bus Damri and He. Bus Damri has 20 characters, including three of the physical dimensions, they are: (1) large body, (2) listening through the floor, and (3) clean. From the psychic dimension, Damri Bus has fifteen characters, tyey are, (1) friendly, (2) easy to believe, (3) caring, (4) merciful, (5) impersonator, (6) likes to imagine, (7) likes to entertain , (8) happy to hear the story, (9) curious, (10) self-aware, (11) fear at high speed, (12) doubtful, (13) coward / loser, (14) want to recognize well, and (15) are not good at counting. Then, from the social dimension, Bus Damri has two characters, they are, (1) enthusiasm for work (2) professional in work. His figure has one character from the physical dimension and ten characters from the psychic dimension. His psychological dimensions are (1) likes to be praised, (2) sad when he sees war, (3) angry when he sees oppression, (4) merciful, (5) loves to sew, (7) likes to drive fast, (8) not caring about other people's feelings, and (9) being able to change time, and (10) being kind. The method of presenting the main characters uses direct (expository) and indirect (dramatic) techniques. There are two main character presentation techniques in this novel, they are expository (direct) and dramatic (indirect) techniques. There are only one direct technique in this story while there are 24 indirect techniques used by the author. Among them are one character's conversation technique, one behavior technique, two mind and feeling techniques, three awareness flow techniques, one character reaction technique, eight other character reaction techniques, one ilustrating background technique, and six ilustrating physical techniques. After being researched and analyzed, Novel Semua Ikan di Langit uses more indirect techniques in describing the characters of the main characters.

Keywords: character, main character, novel


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