ANALISIS KESANTUNAN BERBAHASA DALAM TEKS PIDATO GUBERNUR ACEH DAN PELAKSANA TUGAS GUBERNUR ACEH TAHUN 2018–2019

Ria Mardi Ningsih, Armia ., Muhammad Idham

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian ini, yaitu mendeskripsikan (a) kesantunan berbahasa dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh, (b) maksim apa saja yang muncul di dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh, dan (c) maksim apa yang paling banyak muncul di dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Data penelitian ini bersumber dari tuturan-tuturan yang terdapat dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh tahun 2018–2019. Teknik pengumpulan data yang dilakukan menggunakan teknik telaah dokumen. Data dianalisis melalui empat tahap, yaitu; (a) identifikasi, (b) klasifikasi, (c) analisis, dan (d) deskripsi. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dikemukakan sebagai berikut. Pertama, bahasa yang terdapat di dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh adalah bahasa yang santun. Kedua, maksim yang terdapat dalam teks Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh, yaitu maksim kebijaksanaan, maksim kedermawanan, maksim kerendahan hati, maksim kesetujuan, maksim penerimaan, dan maksim kesimpatian. Ketiga, maksim kebijaksanaan adalah maksim yang paling banyak muncul di dalam teks pidato Gubernur Aceh dan plt. Gubernur Aceh.

Kata Kunci: analisis kesantunan berbahasa, kesantunan berbahasa

 

ABSTRACT

This research is entitled "Analysis of Language Politeness in the Text of the Speech of the Governor of Aceh and Acting of the Governor of Aceh in 2018-2019". The formulation of the problem is (a) what is the politeness of the language in the speech text of the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh in 2018-2019, (b) what maxims appear in the speech text of the Governor of Aceh and plt. The Governor of Aceh in 2018-2019, and (c) what kind of maxims were used most dominantly by the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh. The purpose of this research is to describe (a) the politeness of language in the speech text of the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh, (b) what maxims appear in the text of the speech of the Governor of Aceh and plt. The Governor of Aceh, and (c) what maxims appear most in the text of the speeches of the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh. This study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The data of this study were sourced from utterances contained in the speech text of the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh 2018-2019. The data collection technique was carried out using document review techniques. The data were analyzed through four stages, namely; (a) identification, (b) classification, (c) analysis, and (d) description. The results of this study can be stated as follows. First, the language contained in the text of the speech of the Governor of Aceh and plt. The governor of Aceh is a polite language. Second, the maxims contained in the text of the Governor of Aceh and plt. The Governor of Aceh, namely the maxim of wisdom, the maxim of generosity, the maxim of humility, the maxim of approval, the maxim of acceptance, and the maxim of sympathy. Third, the maxim of wisdom is the maxim that appears most frequently in the speech texts of the Governor of Aceh and plt. Governor of Aceh.

Keywords: analysis of language politeness, language politeness




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jbs.v15i1.20602

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Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

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