Maintaining and Changing Dialects in The Era of Globalization: Social and Cultural Implications

Ainul Mardiyanti, Angelia Maria Igesia Perangin-angin, Anna Shinta Vholyna Manurung

Abstract


In linguistics, the distinction between regional languages and dialects is sometimes blurred, but there are several factors that differentiate the two. Dialect refers to language variations that occur in a particular area or social group. Differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar characterize these dialects. Dialects are often thought of as regional variations of the more commonly spoken parent language. Meanwhile, regional languages have a more specific geographic scope and are closely related to the same cultural identity, history, or ethnic group. Regional languages are used in smaller geographic areas or by communities with diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Examples of regional languages are Javanese in Central and East Java, Sundanese in West Java, or Minangkabau in West Sumatra. While the boundaries between regional languages and dialects can be confusing, factors such as cultural identity, native speakers, and official status play an important role in determining whether a variation of a language is considered a regional language or a dialect. In some cases, language variations that were initially considered as dialects can be upgraded to regional languages or even official languages through systematic enrichment and standardization efforts. A clear understanding of the differences between regional languages and dialects is important in efforts to preserve language diversity. Recognizing regional languages and dialects as valid and valuable forms of language helps in the preservation of cultural identity and linguistic heritage. Efforts to maintain local languages and dialects can be done through education, documentation and community support. By maintaining the richness of regional languages and dialects, we can maintain linguistic diversity as an important part of our cultural heritage.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jbs.v18i1.32164

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Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

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