The Effect of Cage Type and Age on the Blood Profile of Broiler Chicken at the University Teaching Farm

Henni Vanda, Yolla Yolla, Wahyu Eka Sari, Muhammad Hambal

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the blood profile of broilers at the University Teaching Farm with different type of cages, namely stage, postal, and closed house cages. In this study, 36 blood samples from boilers aged 10 days and 25 days old were collected. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein using a 3 mL syringe. The blood obtained was homogenized with an anticoagulant solution and analyzed using hematology Analyzer at Research Laboratory. The results showed that the highest number of erythrocytes of 10-day old broilers was found in stage cage, and at the age of 25 days, the highest erythrocytes was found in closed house cage. The highest number of leukocytes of broilers aged 10 days and 25 days were found in postal cage. The highest hemoglobin levels of broilers aged 10 days and 25 days old were detected in postal cage. The highest hematocrit value in 10-day-old broilers was found in closed house cage, while the highest hematocrit value of 25 days old broilers was in postal cage. It can be concluded that different type of cages and age have no impact on blood profile of broilers kept at the University Teaching Farm


Keywords


Broiler chicken; blood profile; erythrocyte; hematocrit; leukocyte

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aenih, N., Pagala, M. A. dan Tasse, A. M. (2016). Hematologi ayam kampung yang diberi minyak kelapa dalam ransum. Jurnal Peternakan, 3(1) : 18-24.

Alfian., Dasrul. dan Azhar. (2017). Jumlah eritrosit, kadar hemoglobin, dan nilai hematokrit pada ayam bangkok, ayam kampung dan ayam peranakan. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Veteriner, 1(3): 533-539.

Brilianto, I., Sarjana, T.A. and Murwani, R., 2019. Pengaruh zonasi dalam kandang closed house terhadap profil darah merah ayam broiler. Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science), 21(2): 59-63.

Djaelani, M. A., Kasiyati. dan Sunarno. (2020). Jumlah leukosit, limfosit, dan monosit setelah penambahan serbuk daun kelor. Journal Tropical Biology,

(1) : 45-49.

Edi, D.N., Natsir, M.H. and Djunaidi, I.H., 2020. Profil Darah Ayam Petelur yang Diberi Pakan dengan Penambahan Fitobiotik Ekstrak Daun Jati (Tectona grandis Linn. f). Jurnal Peternakan, 17(2): 96-102.

Fadilah, R. (2013). Super Lengkap Beternak Ayam Broiler, Agromedia Pustaka,

Jakarta.

Guyton, A.C. and J.E. Hall. (2010). Textbook of Medical Physiology. W. B.

Saunders Company. Philadelphia.

Hendriyanto,W. (2019). Sukses Beternak Dan Berbisnis Ayam Pedaging (Broiler).

Laksana, Yogyakarta.

Li, C., Dong Y., Hou, H., Li, Q., Zhang, R., Qin, R., Li, Z., Bao, Y. and Shi, W. (2013). Effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicines on blood cell count and immunity in chickens. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(29) : 2081-2086.

Mahmud, A.T.B.S., Afnan, R., Ekastuti, D.R. dan Arief, I.I. (2017). Profil darah, performans dan kualitas daging ayam persilangan kampung broiler pada kepadatan kandang berbeda. Jurnal Veteriner, 18(2): 247-256.

Marom, A.T., Kalsum, U. dan Ali, U. (2017). Evaluasi performans broiler pada sistem kandang close house dan open house dengan altitude berbeda. Jurnal Dinamika Rekasatwa, 2(2): 1-10

Nawab, A., Tang, S., Li, G., An, L., Wu, J., Liu, W. dan Xiao, M. (2020). Dietary curcumin supplementation effects on blood immunological profile and liver enzymatic activity of laying hens after exposure to high temperature conditions. Journal of Thermal Biology, 90, 102573.

Ningsih, R. dan Prabowo, D.W. (2017). Tingkat integrasi pasar ayam broiler di sentra produksi utama: studi kasus Jawa Timur dan Jawa Barat. Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan, 11(2): 247-270.

Nova, K., Riyanti., Septinova, D. dan Santosa, P.E. (2019). Perbedaan persentase pemberian ransum antara siang dan malam terhadap performa ayam jantan tipe medium di kandang postal. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 7(3):

-269.

Nuryati, T. (2019). Analisis performans ayam broiler pada kandang tertutup dan kandang terbuka. Jurnal Peternakan Nusantara, 5(2): 77-86.

Olivia, M., Hartono, M. dan Wanniatie, V. (2015). Pengaruh jenis bahan litter

terhadap gambaran darah broiler yang dipelihara di closed house. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 3(1) – 23-28.

Prastyo, D. (2017). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi ayam broiler di Kecamatan Marga, Kabupaten Tabanan. Jurnal Kependudukan dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia, 13(2): 77-86.

Purwanti, S. C. dan Sudaryono, A. (2014). Gambaran profil darah ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) yang diberi pakan dengan kombinasi pakan buatan dan cacing tanah (Lumbricus rubellus). Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology, 3(2), 53-60.

Puspasari, F., Fahrurrozi, I., Satya, T.P., Setyawan, G. dan Fauzan, M.R.A. (2018). Prototipe sistem kendali suhu dan kelembaban kandang ayam broiler melalui Blynk Server berbasis android. Jurnal Wahana Fisika, 3(2):

-147.

Rini, S.R., Sugiharto. dan Mahfudz, L.D. (2019). Pengaruh perbedaan suhu pemeliharaan terhadap kualitas fisik daging ayam broiler periode finisher. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia, 14(4): 387-395.

Salam, T., Muis, M. dan Rumengan, A.E.N. (2006). Analisis finansial usaha peternakan ayam broiler pola kemitraan. Jurnal Agrisistem, 2(1): 32-39.

Schalm. (2010). Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology. Douglas J, Weiss, K., Jane W.

Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.

Sebayang, R.K., Zebua, O. dan Soedjarwanto, N. (2016). Perancangan sistem pengaturan suhu kandang ayam berbasis mikrokontroler. Jurnal Informatika dan Teknik Elektro Terapan, 4(3): 1-9.

Situmorang N.A., Mahfudz, L.D. dan Atmomarsono, U. (2013). Pengaruh pemberian tepung rumput laut (Gracilaria verrucosa) dalam ransum terhadap efisiensi penggunaan protein ayam broiler. Animal Agricultural Journal, 2(2): 49-56.

Strakova, E., V. Vecerek, P. Suchy, and P. Kresala. 2001. Red and white bloodcell analysis in hens during the laying period. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 46,

–392.

Susanti, E.D., Dahlan, M. dan Wahyuning, D. (2016). Perbandingan produktivitas ayam broiler terhadap sistem kandang terbuka (open house) dan kandang tertutup (closed house) di UD Sumber Makmur Kecamatan Sumberrejo Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Jurnal Ternak, 7(1): 1-7.

Swenson, M. J. (1984). Physiological Properties and Cellular and Chemical

Constituents of Blood. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.

Tamzil, M.H. (2014). Stres panas pada unggas: metabolisme, akibat dan upaya penanggulangannya. Indonesia Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences,

(2): 57-66.

Wijayanti, R.P., Busono, W. dan Indrati, R. (2011). Pengaruh Suhu Kandang yang Berbeda terhadap Performans Ayam Pedaging Periode Starter. Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Winarsih, W. 2005. Pengaruh Probiotik dalam Pengendalian Slamonellosis Subklinis pada Ayam Gambaran Patologis dan Performan. Thesis. Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Yuniwarti, E. Y. W. (2015). Profil darah ayam broiler setelah vaksinasi AI dan pemberian berbagai kadar VCO. Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi, 23(1): 38-46.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med.vet..v16i1.33419

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 by author and J. Med. Vet.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
J. Med. Vet. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.