Application of Mn-Fe Layered Double Hydroxide as an Adsorbent for the Removal of Arsenic from Synthetic Acid Mine Drainage

Chairul - Irawan, Ayu Ratma Sari, Aproditha Yulianingtias, Rizani Aulia Melinda, Agus Mirwan


The Mn-Fe layered double hydroxide using chloride in the interlayer anion was successfully synthesized using chemical co-precipitation methods. The Mn-Fe LDH was then applied as adsorbent for arsenic removal from synthetic acid mine drainage. The adsorbent characterizations of SEM and XRD analysis showed that the Mn-Fe LDH had many different functional groups and a high specific surface area for the adsorption processes. The morphological structure of Mn-Fe LDH by the SEM-EDS analysis method shows a round shape structure with a particle size of about 1 μm, and the XRF analysis method shows that the Mn and Fe elements dominate more than other components. Batch adsorption experimental conducted using the Mn-Fe LDH with the interlayer anion of chloride as an adsorbent to study the effect of contact time, equilibrium pH, and temperature on the arsenic removal. The Mn-Fe LDH showed high adsorption uptake capacity and selectivity for the arsenic in the synthetic acid mine drainage. The adsorption and ion exchange between interlayer chloride anions in Mn-Fe LDH and As (V) solution was the main adsorption mechanism. Therefore, the Mn-Fe LDH can be used as an adsorbent in water and wastewater treatment. In contrast, this research has the potential to be processed and developed into advanced materials.


adsorption; acid mine drainage; co-precipitation; Mn-Fe LDH; wastewater treatment

Full Text:



Acharya, B. S., Kharel, G. (2020) Acid mine drainage from coal mining in the United States – An overview, Journal of Hydrology, 588, 125061.

Balsamo, N., Mendieta, S., Oliva, M., Eimer, G., Crivello, M. (2012) Synthesis and characterization of metal mixed oxides from layered double hydroxides, Procedia Materials Science, 1, 506-513.

Barrera, K., Briso, A., Ide, V., Martorana, L., Montes, G., Basualto, C., Borrmann, T.,Valenzuela, F. (2017) Treatment of acidic mine drainage in an adsorption process using calcium silicate modified with Fe(III), Hydrometallurgy, 172, 19-29.

Caporale, A. G., Pigna, M., Dynes, J. J., Cozzolino, V., Zhu, J., Violante, A. (2011) Effect of inorganic and organic ligands on the sorption/desorption of arsenate on/from Al–Mg and Fe–Mg layered double hydroxides, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 198, 291-298.

Iryani, D. A., Risthy, N. M., Ginting, S. B., Darmansyah, D. (2019) Efect of xhantation temperature reaction into performance of cellulose xhantate from sugarcane baggase for adsorption of heavy metal. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Environment 14, 81-87.

Iwai, Y., Miura, A., Rosero-Navarro, N. C., Higuchi, M., Tadanaga, K. (2019) Composition, valence and oxygen reduction reaction activity of Mn-based layered double hydroxides, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 7, 147-153.

Kefeni, K. K., Msagati, T. A. M., Mamba, B. B. (2017) Acid mine drainage: Prevention, treatment options, and resource recovery: A review, Journal of Cleaner Production, 151, 475-493.

Kentjono, L., Liu, J. C., Chang, W. C., Irawan, C. (2010) Removal of boron and iodine from optoelectronic wastewater using Mg–Al (NO3) layered double hydroxide, Desalination, 262, 280-283.

Langmuir, I. (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 40, 1361-1403.

Liu, C.-H., Chuang, Y.-H., Chen, T.-Y., Tian, Y., Li, H., Wang, M.-K., Zhang, W. (2015) Mechanism of arsenic adsorption on magnetite nanoparticles from water: thermodynamic and Spectroscopic studies, Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 7726-7734.

Liu, J., Wu, P., Li, S., Chen, M., Cai, W., Zou, D., Zhu, N., Dang, Z. (2019) Synergistic deep removal of As(III) and Cd(II) by a calcined multifunctional MgZnFe-CO3 layered double hydroxide: photooxidation, precipitation and adsorption, Chemosphere, 225, 115-125.

Mohan, D., Pittman, C. U. (2007) Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—A critical review, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142, 1-53.

Naswir, M., Jalius, J., Natalia, D., Arita, S., Wibowo, Y. G. (2020_ Adsorption of mercury using different types of activated bentonite: A study of sorption, kinetics, and isotherm models, Journal of Chemical Engineering and Environment 15, 123-131.

Núñez-Gómez, D., Rodrigues, C., Lapolli, F. R., Lobo-Recio, M. Á. (2019) Adsorption of heavy metals from coal acid mine drainage by shrimp shell waste: Isotherm and continuous-flow studies, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 7, 102787.

Otgonjargal, E., Kim, Y.-S., Park, S.-M., Baek, K., Yang, J.-S. (2012) Mn–Fe layered double hydroxides for adsorption of As(III) and As(V), Separation Science and Technology, 47, 2192-2198.

Ryu, S., Naidu, G., Moon, H., Vigneswaran, S. (2020) Selective copper recovery by membrane distillation and adsorption system from synthetic acid mine drainage, Chemosphere, 260, 127528.

Suvokhiaw, S., Imyim, A., Sukpirom, N. (2016) As(V) removal using a magnetic layered double hydroxide composite, Separation Science and Technology, 51, 2948-2957.

Vithanage, M., Ashiq, A., Ramanayaka, S., Bhatnagar, A. (2020) Implications of layered double hydroxides assembled biochar composite in adsorptive removal of contaminants: Current status and future perspectives, Science of The Total Environment, 737, 139718.

Xie, Y., Yuan, X., Wu, Z., Zeng, G., Jiang, L., Peng, X., Li, H. (2019) Adsorption behavior and mechanism of Mg/Fe layered double hydroxide with Fe3O4-carbon spheres on the removal of Pb(II) and Cu(II), Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 536, 440-455.

Zhou, H., Jiang, Z., Wei, S. (2018) A new hydrotalcite-like absorbent FeMnMg-LDH and its adsorption capacity for Pb2+ ions in water, Applied Clay Science, 153, 29-37.

Zubair, M., Daud, M., Mckay, G., Shehzad, F., Al-Harthi, M. A. (2017) Recent progress in layered double hydroxides (LDH)-containing hybrids as adsorbents for water remediation, Applied Clay Science, 143, 279-292.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Chairul - Irawan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurusan Teknik Kimia Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl. Tgk. Syech Abdur Rauf No.7, Kopelma Darussalam, Banda Aceh, INDONESIA



Nasrul Arahman, Prof. Dr. S.T., M.T.
Phone: +62813-6092-7917



Mirna Rahmah Lubis
Wahyu Rinaldi, ST, M.Sc.