Publication Ethics

This declaration elucidates the ethical conduct expected from every participant in the process of article publication, encompassing the author, chief editor, Editorial Board, peer-reviewer, and publisher. The principles outlined in this statement are derived from COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

The publication of an article plays a crucial role in shaping a cohesive and esteemed knowledge network. It serves as a clear representation of both the authors' work and the institutions backing them, reflecting their quality. Peer-reviewed articles uphold and exemplify the scientific method. Thus, it is imperative to establish agreed-upon ethical standards for all participants engaged in the publication process, including the author, journal editor, peer reviewer, publisher, and society.
Duties of Editors
Publication Decisions
The editor holds the responsibility of determining the articles suitable for publication in the journal. The decisions should be influenced by the validation and significance of the work for researchers and readers. Editorial board policies and prevailing legal obligations related to issues like libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism may shape these decisions. Collaboration with other editors or reviewers is permissible in the decision-making process.

The editor and any editorial personnel are prohibited from revealing any details about a submitted manuscript to individuals other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher, as deemed appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Any unpublished materials revealed in a submitted manuscript should not be utilized in an editor's personal research without obtaining explicit written consent from the author.

Duties of Reviewers
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
The peer review process aids the editor in making editorial decisions, and the editorial interactions with the author can also aid in enhancing the paper.

If a chosen referee feels inadequately qualified to assess the research presented in a manuscript or anticipates challenges in conducting a timely review, they should inform the editor and politely decline participation in the review process.

All manuscripts received for review should be regarded as confidential materials. They must not be shared with or discussed with individuals unless expressly authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted in an objective manner, avoiding personal criticism of the author, which is deemed inappropriate. Referees are encouraged to articulate their perspectives clearly, providing supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers are expected to pinpoint pertinent published works not referenced by the authors. If a reviewer notes that an observation, derivation, or argument has been previously documented, it should be accompanied by the appropriate citation. Additionally, reviewers are responsible for alerting the editor to any significant similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under review and any other published paper within their personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Confidential information or ideas acquired during the peer review process must be maintained as confidential and not exploited for personal gain. Reviewers are advised against evaluating manuscripts in cases where conflicts of interest arise from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or affiliations with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Duties of Authors
Reporting standards
Authors of original research reports are required to provide a precise description of the conducted work and an impartial discussion of its importance. The underlying data must be accurately presented in the paper, which should also include adequate details and references to enable replication by others. Engaging in unethical behavior, such as making fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements, is unacceptable..

Data Access and Retention
Authors are requested to submit the raw data along with a paper for editorial review. They should be ready to grant public access to this data, if possible, and must, in any case, be prepared to preserve such data for a reasonable duration following publication.

Originality and Plagiarism
The authors must guarantee the creation of entirely original content. If the authors have incorporated the work and/or words of others, proper citation or quotation should be employed.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
As a general principle, an author should refrain from publishing manuscripts that essentially describe the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Simultaneously submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals is considered unethical publishing behavior and is not acceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources
It is imperative to provide appropriate acknowledgment of the work of others. Authors are required to cite publications that have significantly influenced the development of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be confined to individuals who have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study being reported. All individuals with significant contributions should be recognized as co-authors. If there are others who have been involved in specific substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or recognized as contributors. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring the inclusion of all relevant co-authors and the exclusion of inappropriate ones. Additionally, all co-authors must have reviewed and approved the final version of the paper and consented to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
In their manuscript, authors are required to divulge any financial or significant conflict of interest that could potentially impact the results or interpretation of their work. Additionally, all sources of financial support for the project must be openly disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works
If an author identifies a substantial error or inaccuracy in their published work, it is the author's responsibility to promptly inform the journal editor or publisher and collaborate with the editor to retract or rectify the paper.