News as authentic materials to improve essay writing in a hybrid learning setting

Lestari Setyowati, Sony Sukmawan


This study aimed to investigate the effect of using news as authentic materials for essay writing skills. This experimental study employed the one-group pre-test and post-test design to 18  fourth-semester students who joined the Essay Writing Course in one of the universities in Indonesia. These students were selected through systematic random sampling and went through treatments for 12 meetings where they were taught in a hybrid learning setting. The first four meetings used the conventional face-to-face classroom interaction. The rest of the meetings were done online because of the outbreak of COVID 19. The instruments to collect data were tests and documentation. Before they were given to the students, the teaching materials, pre-test, and post-test designs were tested and validated. The authentic materials were news texts about global issues such as poverty, environmental protection, gender, race and ethnicities, and diseases. Two raters scored the students’ writing by using Jacobs ESL Composition Profile. The researchers used IBM SPSS 25 software to analyze the data. The results of a paired sample t-test analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the students’ writing scores before and after using news as authentic materials (p = .959 > α = 0.05). The paper further discusses the implications of this study for theoretical and practical use. 


authentic materials; writing; essay; hybrid learning; news

Full Text:



Al Azri, R. H., & Al-Rashdi, M. H. (2014). The effect of using authentic materials in teaching. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 3(10), 249-254.

Alemu, M. (2020). The role of pre-writing strategies to enhance the students’ idea generating abilities: The case of first-year computer science students of Haramaya University. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 8(1), 40-47.

Allen, I. E., Seaman, J., & Garrett, R. (2007). Blending in: The extent and promise of blended education in the United States. The Sloan Consortium.

Amin, F. M., & Sundari, H. (2020). EFL students’ preferences on digital platforms during emergency remote teaching: Video Conference, LMS, or Messenger Application? Studies in English Language and Education, 7(2), 362-378.

Arifa, Z. (2011). The effects of authentic materials on students’ writing of procedural text. Journal on English as a Foreign Language, 1(2), 95-102

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to research in education. Wadsworth.

Borg, W., & Gall, M. (2003). Educational research: An introduction (7th ed). Longman.

Cohen, L, Manion, L, & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education (6th ed.). Routledge.

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 5-22.

Drolet, C. A. (2010). Using Comics in the development of reading and writing. Retrieved from

El-Sulukiyyah, A. A., & Aisyah, R. N. (2019). Teaching essay writing using authentic materials to improve students’ writing performance. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 4(2), 79-87.

Ghanbari, F., & Hashemian, M. (2014). The effects of English songs on young learners’ listening comprehension and pronunciation. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World, 6(3), 367-375.

Ghanbari, N., Esmaili, F., & Shamsaddini, M. R. (2015). The effect of using authentic materials on Iranian EFL learners’ vocabulary learning. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(12), 2459-2468.

Ghaderpanahi, L. (2012). Using authentic aural materials to develop listening comprehension in the EFL classroom. English Language Teaching, 5(6), 146-153.

Gilmore, A. (2007). Authentic materials and authenticity in foreign language learning. Language Teaching, 40(2), 97-118.

Graham, S., & Sandmel, K. (2011). The process writing approach: A meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Research, 104(6), 396-407.

Hasan, M. K., & Akhand, M. M. (2010). Approaches to writing in EFL/ESL context: Balancing product and process in writing class at tertiary level. Journal of NELTA, 15(1-2), 77-88

Idris, H. (2018). Pembelajaran model blended learning [Blended learning teaching model]. Jurnal Ilmiah Iqra’, 5(1), 61-73.

Jacobs, H. L., Zingraf, S. A., Wormuth, D. R., Hartfiel, V. F., & Hughey, J. B. (1981). Testing ESL composition: A practical approach. Newbury House.

Kilickaya, F. (2004). Authentic materials and culture content in EFL Classrooms. The Internet TESL Journal, 10(7).

Latief, M. A. (2014). Research methods on language learning: An introduction (2nd ed.). Universitas Negeri Malang Press.

Lincoln, F., & Idris, A. (2014). Teaching the writing process as a first and second language revisited: Are they the same? Journal of International Education Research, 11(2), 119-124.

Li, X., & Wang, P. (2015). A research on using English movies to improve Chinese college students’ oral English. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(5), 1096-1100.

Lin, Y. -F. (2004). The effects of authentic materials on motivation and reading achievement of EFL (English as a foreign language) learners in Taiwan [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. La Sierra University.

Maroko, G. M. (2010) The authentic materials approach in the teaching of functional writing in the classroom. In R. Reinelt (Ed.), The new decade and (2nd) FL Teaching: The initial phase. (pp. 71-87). Rudolf Reinelt Research Laboratory.

Marzban, A., & Davaji, S. (2015). The effect of authentic texts on motivation and reading comprehension of EFL students at intermediate level of proficiency. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 5(1), 85-91.

Mulyani, Fidyati, Suryani, Suri, M., & Halimatussakdiah. (2021). University students’ perceptions through e-learning implementation during COVID-19 Pandemic: Positive or negative features dominate? Studies in English Language and Education, 8(1), 197-211.

Park, Y. (2011). Using news articles to build a critical literacy classroom in an EFL setting. TESOL Journal, 2(1), 24- 51.

Peacock, M. (1997). The effect of authentic materials on the motivation of EFL learners. ELT Journal, 51(2), 144-156.

Qiu, J. (2017). The effect of English movies on college English listening teaching. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 7(11), 1011-1024.

Richards, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching. Cambridge University Press.

Rosyada, A., & Sundari, H. (2021). Learning from home environment: Academic Writing Course for EFL undergraduates through Google Classroom application. Studies in English Language and Education, 8(2), 710-725

Sabet, M. K., & Mahsefat, H. (2012). The impact of authentic listening materials on elementary EFL learners’ listening skills. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 1(4), 216-229.

Sari, D. F. (2016). Authentic materials for learning English: A study on EFL students in Aceh. Studies in English Language and Education, 3(2), 147-157.

Setyowati, L. (2016). Analyzing the students’ ability in writing opinion essay using flash fiction. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 1(1), 79-91.

Setyowati, L., Latief, M., & Widiati, U. (2017). The implementation of planning and its effect on EFL students’ writing performance. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 22(1), 26-35.

Setyowati, L., & Sukmawan, S. (2018). Writing for comprehension in prose fiction analysis: The students’ voices. Arab World English Journal, 9(1), 134-145.

Setyowati, L., & Sukmawan, S. (2019). Authentic materials for teaching writing: A critical look. International Journal of Language Education, 3(2), 68-77.

Setyowati, L., Sukmawan, S., & El-Sulukiyyah, A. A. (2020). Materi otentik dan pembelajaran menulis esai. Bildung

Setyowati, L., Sukmawan, S., & El-Sulukiyyah, A. A. (2021). The Effect of literature as authentic materials for writing essays in a blended learning setting. KnE Social Sciences, 5(3), 195-208.

Setyowati, L., Sukmawan, S., & Latief, M. A. (2018). Solving the students’ problems in writing argumentative essay through the provision of planning. Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature, 17(1), 86-102.

Solihat, D., & Utami, P. L. (2014). Improving students’ listening skill by using English songs. English Review: Journal of English Education, 3(1), 81-90

Styati, E. W. (2016). Effect of YouTube videos and pictures on EFL students’ writing performance. Dinamika Ilmu, 16(2), 307-317.

Sundana, G. P. (2018). The use of authentic material in teaching writing descriptive text. English Review: Journal of English Education, 6(1), 81-88.

Tamo, D. (2009). The use of authentic materials in classrooms. LCPJ, 2(1), 74-78.

Tomlinson, B. (2012). Materials development for language learning and teaching. Language Teaching, 45(2), 143-179.

Wang, P. (2009). The Inter-rater reliability in scoring composition. English Language Teaching, 2(3), 39-43.

Wang, Z. (2014). The application of process writing in Chinese EFL classrooms in higher education. International Journal of English Linguistics, 4(3), 88-95.

Woottipong, K. (2014). Effect of using video materials in the teaching of listening skills for university students. International Journal of Linguistics, 6(4), 200-212.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Journal Stats