Salmonella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus contamination on food and hands of food handlers at Food Management Sites (TPM) Ulee Lheue Seaport

Nurliana Nurliana, Raudhah Raudhah, Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Sugito Sugito, Darmawi Darmawi, Wahyu Eka Sari

Abstract


 

 This study aims to determine the presence of Salmonella sp. and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in rendang meat, fried chicken, fried fish, and omelets, as well as in the hands of food handlers in the Food Management Place (TPM). Ulee Lheue Sea Port by using laboratory tests. The study used five samples of food and five samples of food handlers' hands taken from the Food Management Place (TPM) of Ulee Lheue Seaport. Bacterial analysis on food samples in the laboratory using the Total Plate Count (TPC) method. Meanwhile, the Replicate Organism Direct Agar Contact (RODAC) method was used to examine food handlers' hands. Laboratory tests resulted from five food samples and five food handlers' hand samples that Salmonella sp. was found in omelets, and Staphylococcus aureus was found in beef rendang, fried chicken, fried fish, omelets, and hand samples of food handlers. It is necessary to conduct hygiene and environmental sanitation counseling at TPM around Port of Ulee Lheue.


Keywords


Food, Salmonella sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Food handlers’ hands

Full Text:

PDF

References


Nurhayati D. Bahaya biologis pada pangan asal hewan [Internet]. Direktorat Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner; c2015 [cited 2021 September 20]. Avalaible from: http://kesmavet.ditjenpkh.pertanian.go.id.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention): Food borne germ and illnesses [Internet]. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; c2020 [cited 2021 June 21]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/foodborne-germs.html

Tesfaw, L., B. Taye, and S. Alemu. 2013. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profile of Salmonella isolates from dairy products in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 7:5046-5050. Doi: 10.5897/AJMR2013.5635

Imanniarsari, D. E., Miswan, and A. R. A. C. Nur. 2020. Uji kandungan bakteri Staphylococcus aureus pada jajanan nasi kuning di SD Kelurahan Lere Kecamatan Palu Barat. Jurnal Kolaboratif Sains. 3:92-97.

Kemenkes. 2003. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor:1098/Menkes/SK/VII/2003 Tentang Persyaratan Hygiene Sanitasi Rumah Makan dan Restoran. Jakarta.

BSN (Badan Standardisasi Nasional). 2008. SNI 2897:2008. Metode pengujian cemaran mikroba dalam daging, telur dan susu, serta hasil olahannya. Jakarta.

Mundiatun, D. 2015. Pengelolaan Kesehatan Lingkungan. Gava Media, Yogyakarta.

Trindade, S. N. C., J. S. Pinheiro, and H. G. de Almeida. 2014. Bacteriological quality and food safety in a Brazilian school food program. Nutr. Hosp. 29:80-87. Doi: 10.3305/nh.2014.29.1.7006

Lues, J. F. R. and Van Tonder. 2007. The occurrence of indicator bacteria on hands and aprons of food handlers in the delicatessen sections of a retail group. Food Control. 18:326–332. Doi :10.1016/j.foodcont.2005.10.010

Rossi, E. M., L. Beilke, and J. F. Barreto. 2017. Microbial contamination and good manufacturing practices in school kitchen. J. Food Safety. 38:1-9. Doi:10.1111/jfs.12417.

Lukman, D. W., M. Sudarwanto, and A. W. Sanjaya. 2009. Higiene Pangan. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Abdou, H. M., I. Dahbi, M. Akrim, F. Z. Meski, Y. Khader, M. Lakranbi, H. Ezzine, and A. Khattabi. 2019. Outbreak investigation of a multipathogen foodborne disease in a training institute in Rabat, Morocco: case-control study. JMIR Pub. Health Surv. 5:p.e14227. Doi:10.2196/14227

Birawida, A. B., M. Selomo, and M.F. Natsir. 2019. Sanitasi dan keberadaan bakteri pada air minum dengan risiko diare di Pulau Barrang Lompo. Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan (JNIK). 10: 1-13.

Rizqi, S. N., R. Hestiningsih, and L. D. Saraswati. 2020. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan total angka bakteri dan keberadaan bakteri Escherichia coli pada alat makan (studi pada Lapas Klas I Kedungpane Kota Semarang). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip). 4:470-477.

McIntyre, L., L. Vallaster, and L. Wilcott. 2013. Evaluation of food safety knowledge, attitudes and self-re- ported hand washing practices in foodsafe trained and untrained food handlers in British Columbia. Food Control. 3:150-156. Doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.06.034

Soares, L. S., R. C. C. Almeida, and E. S. Cerqueira. 2012. Knowledge, attitudes and practices in food safety and the presence of coagulase-positive staphylococci on hands of food handlers in the schools of Camacari, Brazil. Food Control. 27:206-213. Doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2012.03.016

Lee, H. K., H. A. Halim, and K. L. Thong. 2017. Assessment of food safety knowledge, attitude, self-reported practices, and microbiological hand hygiene of food handlers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 14:1–14. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph14010055

Fauzi, M., Miki, and Rahmawati. 2017. Cemaran mikroba berdasarkan angka lempeng total dan angka paling mungkin koliform pada minuman air tebu (Saccharum officinarum) di Kota Pontianak. Protobiont. 6:8-15.

Illes, B. C., A. J. Toth, and A. Dunay. 2018. Evaluation of food safety knowledge and microbial status of food contact surfaces in schools. J. Food Saf. e12480. Doi: 10.1111/jfs.2480.

Rohmah, J., C. S. Rini, and S. Cholifah. 2018. The relationship between hygiene and sanitation to Escherichia coli contamination on foods in a campus cafeteria. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 420, No. 1, p. 012143). IOP Publishing.

Bintsis, T., 2017. Foodborne pathogens. AIMS microbiology, 3(3), p.529.

Baluka, S. A., R. A. Miller, and J. B. Kaneene. 2015. Hygiene practices and food contamination in managed food service facilities In Uganda. Afr. J. Food Sci. 9:31-42. Doi:10.5897/AJFS2014.1170




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/ijtvbr.v7i1.28505

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 Indexed in: 


Copyright© 2016 | ISSN: 2503-4715 


Published by: 
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University
In cooperation with: 
Center for Tropical Veterinary Studies of Syiah Kuala University
and Indonesian Veterinary Medical Association (PDHI)

Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies Contact |  Statistics  


Creative Commons License
IJTVBR
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.