Analisis isi lambung ikan mingkih, Cestraceus plicatilis

Usman Bulanin, Mas Eriza, Masrizal Masrizal

Abstract


AbstractAn investigation of analysis of stomach contents of fish Mingkih, Cestraceus plicatilis. Fish were caught in the Pesisir Selatan District (100028’ 5’’; 100029’ 16’’; 100031’ 25’’). Fishing conducted from March to July 2015. Fish were caught with fishing traditional equipment (cast nets, and spearfishing).  Samples of fish caught divided into three groups according to a predetermined si wize class are ≤ than 12 cm, 13-25 cm and ≥ 26 cm. The Mingkih fish Cestraceus plicatilis, was including herbivorous fish, which they were ratio of the total length body with of the digestive tract with an average of 3,21cm; 3,02 cm and 2,84 cm. There are different types of food found in the stomach based on the size of the fish. The main food types consumed both in the size ≤ than 12 cm, 13-25 cm and ≥ 26 cm are phytoplankton / periphyton (Chrysophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae), zooplankton and detritus (other organic materials).

Keywordsstomach, type of food, Mingkih fish and herbivorous

 Abstrak.Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang analisis isi lambung ikan Mingkih, Cestraceus plicatilis. Ikan sampel diperoleh dari hasil tangkapan di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan (100 0 28’ 5’’; 100 0 29’ 16’’; 100 0 31’ 25’’). Penangkaapan dilakukan dari bulan Maret sampai Juli 2015. Ikan di tangkap dengan alat tangkap tradisional (jala/jaring lempar dan panah). Ikan sampel yang tertangkap dibagi dalam 3 kelompok sesuai dengan ukuran yang telah ditetapkan yaitu ≤ 12 cm, 13 – 25 cm dan ≥ 26 cm. Ikan Cestraceus plicatilis, termasuk ikan omniivora dengan ratio panjang saluran pencernaan dengan panjang total yaitu rata-rata 3,21 cm; 3,02  cm dan 2,84 cm. Terdapat perbedaan jenis makanan yang ditemukan di dalam lambung berdasarkan kelompok ukuran ikan. Jenis makanan utama yang dikonsumsi baik dari ukuran ≤ 12 cm, 13 – 25 cm maupun ≥ 26 cm adalah Phytoplankton/periphyton (Chrysophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae), zooplankton dan detritus (bahan organik lainnya).

Kata kunci:lambung, jenis makanan, ikan Mingkih dan herbivora


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.7.3.10901

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PUBLISHER ADDRESS:

Faculty of Marine and Fisheries
Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jalan Meureubo No. 1, Kopelma Darussalam
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

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This work  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - 4.0 International Public License (CC BY - 4.0).

Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan is accredited by Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kemenristekdikti Republic of Indonesia starts from Volume 7 Number 3, 2018 based on decree letter (SK) No. 30 / E / KPT / 2019, November 11, 2019 (Sinta  2 Grade)