Degradation of fishing grounds in North Waters of Banten Province, Indonesia

Mario Limbong, Domu Simbolon, Ari Purbayanto, Roza Yusfiandayani, Khairul Amri

Abstract


The high level of fishing activity with small fishing vessels has resulted in relatively high utilization of marine space in coastal areas, manifesting changes in fishing grounds. Thus, this research aimed to analyze water quality, fishing intensity and to determine the level of degradation of fishing grounds in the northern waters of Banten Province. This research was conducted from June to August 2023 in the northern waters of Banten Province. Data collection was carried out using survey, remote sensing, and interview methods. Water quality data consisting of sea surface temperature, brightness, salinity, light attenuation coefficient, total suspended solids, and chlorophyll-a were analyzed descriptively. Eco-friendly capture fisheries data were taken directly from 120 fishermen and analyzed based on the CCRF criteria. Degradation status was determined by combining weight of water quality conditions and eco-friendly capture fisheries. Based on the research results, the northern waters of Banten Province is in good condition for biota life. Fishing equipment is dominated by eco-friendly fishing gear. Nevertheless, several parts of northern waters in Banten Province have experienced light degradation of fishing areas (18.28%) and the heavy degradation (7.71%). The use of marine space for capture fisheries in the northern waters of Banten Province is relatively high, around 50 units of fishing gear for 1 hectare of water.

Keywords:

Environment

Fishing intensity

Fishing gear

Spatial mapping

Water quality


Full Text:

PDF

References


Amri, K., G. Winarso, M. Muchlizar. 2018. Water environment quality and fish potention production in bengkalis shads conservation (Tenualosa macrura Bleeker, 1852). J Penelit Perikan Indones, 24(1):37–49. doi:10.15578/jppi.1.1.2018.37-49.

Amry, R.A., P.P. Renta, E. Nofridiansyah. 2017. Feasibility analysis of fishing business using seine net at Malabero Beach, Bengkulu City. J Enggano, 2(2):129–142. doi:10.31186/jenggano.2.2.129-142.

Baisre, J.A. 2018. An overview of Cuban commercial marine fisheries: the last 80 years. Bull Mar Sci, 94(2):359–375. doi:10.5343/bms.2017.1015.

Bhuiyan, M.K.A., B.M. Rodríguez, M.M. Billah, A. Pires, R. Freitas, M. Conradi. 2022. Effects of ocean acidification on the biochemistry, physiology and parental transfer of Ampelisca brevicornis (Costa, 1853). Environ Pollut, 293(2022):1–11. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118549.

Cadith, J., S. Shintaningrum, B. Rusli, E.A. Muhtar. 2019. Relations between actors in supporting the fisheries sector in the Banten Bay coast. J Adm Publik, 10(1):109–129. doi:10.31506/jap.v10i1.5988.

Chaliluddin, M.A., M. Ikram, D. Rianjuanda. 2019. Identification of enviromental friendly fishing gears based on CCRF at Pidie District, Aceh. J Galung Trop, 8(3):197–208. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.31850/jgt.v8i3.504.

Darmawan, R., B. Wiryawan, S. Kleinertz, A. Purbayanto, I. Yulianto. 2022. Spatial and temporal mapping of utilization status of grouper in Saleh Bay, West Nusa Tenggara. Mar Fish J Mar Fish Technol Manag, 13(2):195–205. doi:10.29244/jmf.v13i2.41239.

Das, M. 2009. Impact of commercial coastal fishing on the environment of sundarbans for sustainable development. Asian Fish Sci, 22(1):157–167. doi:https://doi.org/10.33997/j.afs.2009.22.1.015.

Dedi, D., P.Z. Neviaty, A. Taslim. 2016. Environmental parameters relationship of coral health disruption in Tunda Island-Banten. J Kelaut Nas, 11(2):105–118. doi:10.15578/jkn.v11i2.6112.

Febiyanti, A., M. Mairizal, Y. Yurleni. 2012. The level of environmental friendliness of fishing gear at the Carocok Tarusan Beach Fishing Port, West Sumatra Province. Di dalam: Prosiding Seminar Nasional II Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jambi. hlm 315–322.

Febriyani, R., M. Musa, M. Mahmudi. 2022. Analysis of the relationship of water quality to total hemocytes in intensive ponds for vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) cultivation CV TTB, Pasuruan City, East Java. Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 11(2): 252–256. https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.11.2.24747.

Fitranti, B.A., S. Sunarto, D. Prihadi, B. Herunadi. 2013. Potential for CO2 release and absorption in relation to temperature and salinity in Banten Bay waters. J Akuatika, 4(2):174–182. https://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/akuatika/article/view/3141/2402.

Freduah, G., P. Fidelman, T.F. Smith. 2017. The impacts of environmental and socio-economic stressors on small scale fisheries and livelihoods of fishers in Ghana. Appl Geogr, 89 (2017) :1–11. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.09.009.

Hamuna, B., R.H.R. Tanjung, S. Suwito, H.K. Maury, A. Alianto. 2018. Study of seawater quality and pollution index based on physical-chemical parameters in the waters of the Depapre District, Jayapura. J Ilmu Lingkung, 16(1):35–43. doi:10.14710/jil.16.1.35-43.

Hapsari, L.P., E. Riani, A. Winarto. 2017. Bioaccumulation of lead (Pb) in muscle, skin, and gills of threadfin bream (Nemipterus sp.) in Banten Bay, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 10(1):123–129.

Hilmira, C. 2020. Diversity and distribution of macrozoobenthos in Cengkok coastal waters, Banten Bay. IPB University.

Humphries, A.T., K.D. Gorospe, P.G. Carvalho, I. Yulianto, T. Kartawijaya, S.J. Campbell. 2019. Catch composition and selectivity of fishing gears in a multi-species Indonesian coral reef fishery. Front Mar Sci, 6(378):1–9. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00378.

Kasim, K., S. Triharyuni, A. Wujdi. 2014. Interrelationships between pelagic fish and chlorophyll-a in the Java Sea. BAWAL Widya Ris Perikan Tangkap, 6(1):21–29. doi:10.15578/bawal.6.1.2014.21-29.

Khalifa, M.A., F.R. Indaryato. 2018. Trophic state of Cibanten Watershed. Fish Mar J, 8(2):163–169. doi:10.33512/jpk.v8i2.6659.

Kholis, M.N., Fraternesi, L.O. Wahidin. 2020. Prediction of COVID-19 impact on gillnet fishermen in Bengkulu City. ALBACORE J Penelit Perikan Laut, 4(1):001–011. doi:10.29244/core.4.1.001-011.

Kim, H.C., S. Nadiga, S. Son, A. Mehra, Z. Garraffo, E. Bayler, D. Behringer. 2018. Implications of ocean color in the upper water thermal structure at NINO3.4 region: A sensitivity study for optical algorithms and ocean color variabilities. GIScience Remote Sens, 55(4):568–582. doi:10.1080/15481603.2017.1417697.

Limbong, M. 2020. Performance of capture fisheries in Tangerang District waters. J Penelit Perikan Indones, 26(4):201–210. doi:10.15578/jppi.26.3.2020.201-210.

Limbong, M., K. Amri, D. S. Larosa. 2022. Spatial mapping of fishing gear based on code of conduct for responsible fisheries (CCRF) in Banten Bay waters. J Penelit Perikan Indones, 28(2):99–110. doi:10.15578/jppi.28.2.2022.99-110.

Limbong, M., H. Syafrie. 2018. Identification of strategies for development of environmentally friendly fishing equipment in the coastal area of Tangerang Regency. J Ilm Satya Negara Indones, 12(1):58–68. https://lppm.usni.ac.id/page.php?mod=readjurnal&id=72.

McCormick, M.I, D.P. Chivers, M.C.O. Ferrari, M.I. Blandford, G.B. Nanninga, C. Richardson, E.P. Fakan, G. Vamvounis, A.M. Gulizia, B.J.M. Allan. 2020. Microplastic exposure interacts with habitat degradation to affect behaviour and survival of juvenile fish in the field. Di dalam: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Volume ke-287. hlm 1–8.

Mustika, R. 2017. The impact of coastal environment degradation on fishermen’s economic conditions: A case study of Takisung Village, Kuala Tambangan Village, Tabanio Village. Din Marit, 6(1):28–34. https://unkripjournal.com/index.php/JIHT/article/view/24.

Nanlohy, A.C. 2013. The Evaluation of sustainable fishing gear for pelagic fish in Maluku waters by using principle of CCRF (code of conduct for responsible fisheries). J Ilmu Hewani Trop, 2(1):1–11. https://unkripjournal.com/index.php/JIHT/article/view/24.

Noviyanti, R. 2017. Adaptation of environmentally friendly fishing gear by fishermen groups in the Karangantu Archipelago Fishing Port Area, Banten Bay. Di dalam: Makalah Seminar Nasional Perikanan Tangkap, IPB. hlm 1–10.

Nugraha, B., S. Triharyuni, P.S. Suleman, S.T. Hartati. 2020. Fisheries status and habitat conditions of Jakarta Bay waters. J Ris Jakarta, 13(1):17–28. doi:10.37439/jurnaldrd.v13i1.17.

Phuong, T. V., R.S. Pomeroy. 2023. Addressing illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing of Vietnamese fishing vessels in foreign waters. Asian Fish Sci, 36(1):24–36. doi:10.33997/j.afs.2023.36.1.003.

Rachman, R.A., H.D. Armono. 2023. Study of sediment distribution patterns in Tanjung Pasir Banten waters based on total suspended solid data. J Mar Res, 12(2):221–229. doi:10.14710/jmr.v12i2.35374.

Rahmawati, A., D. Surilayani. 2017. Quality management of Lontar village coastal waters, Banten. Fish Mar J, 7(1):59–70. doi:10.33512/jpk.v7i1.

Rais, A.H., R. Rupawan, H. Herlan. 2017. The correlation between the densityof fish and environment condition in estuary waters of Banyuasin Regency. J Penelit Perikan Indones, 23(2):111–122. doi:10.15578/jppi.23.2.2017.111-122.

Riandi, M., M. Irham, M. Rusdi, A. Deli, F. Abdullah, E. Miswar. 2023. The analysis of chlorophyll-a distribution in fishing areas of Aceh Waters. Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 12(2): 137–142. https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.12.2.31405.

Richmond, R.H., K.H. Tisthammer, N.P. Spies. 2018. The effects of anthropogenic stressors on reproduction and recruitment of corals and reef organisms. Front Mar Sci, 5(226):1–9. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00226.

Rodríguez-López, L., L. González-Rodríguez, I. Duran-Llacer, W. García, R. Cardenas, R. Urrutia. 2022. Assessment of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of photosynthetically active radiation in a Chilean Lake. Remote Sens, 14(18):1–18. doi:10.3390/rs14184568.

Royandi, E., A. Satria, Saharuddin. 2019. Actors strategies on sea resources utilization in Pelabuhan Ratu West Java. Sodality J Sosiol Pedesaan, 7(2):126–136. https://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v7i2.24334.

Rustam, A., N.S. Adi, E. Mustikasari, T.L. Kepel, M.A. Kusumaningtyas. 2018. Characteristics of sediment distribution and sedimentation rate in the Bay of Banten. J Segara, 14(3):137–144. doi:10.15578/segara.v14i3.7351.

Sarianto, D., D. Simbolon, B. Wiryawan. 2016. Impact of Nickel mining on fishing ground in east Halmahera District waters. J Ilmu Pertan Indones, 21(2):104–113. doi:10.18343/jipi.21.2.104.

Selgrath, J.C., S.E. Gergel, A.C.J. Vincent. 2018. Shifting gears: Diversification, intensification, and effort increases in small-scale fisheries (1950-2010). PLoS One, 13(3):e0190232. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0190232.

Senarat, S., J. Kettratad, W. Siriwong, S. Bunsomboonsakul, A. Kenthao, G. Kaneko, A. Sopon, C. Sudtongkong, W. Jiraungkoorskul. 2020. Oogenesis and ovarian health problems in economically important fishes from different habitats potentially affected by pollution in Thailand. Asian Fish Sci, 33(3):274–286. doi:10.33997/j.afs.2020.33.3.009.

Simbolon, D. 2019. Fishing grounds: planning, degradation, and management. Bogor: IPB Press.

Simbolon, D., R. Yusfiandayani, D.R. Putra, M. Limbong. 2022. Impact of the use of portable FAD’s on productivity, and fish resources degradation and potential social conflict on handline fishery. J Penelit Perikan Indones, 28(1):7–17. doi:10.15578/jppi.28.1.2022.7-17.

Stewart, K.R., R.L. Lewison, D.C. Dunn, R.H. Bjorkland, S. Kelez, P.N. Halpin, L.B. Crowder. 2010. Characterizing fishing effort and spatial extent of coastal fisheries. PLoS One, 5(12):e14451. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014451.

Suebpala, W., R. Chuenpagdee, C. Nitithamyong, T. Yeemin. 2017. Ecological Impacts of Fishing Gears in Thailand: Knowledge and Gaps. Asian Fish Sci, 30(4):284–305. doi:10.33997/j.afs.2017.30.4.006.

Suherman, A., H. Boesono, F. Kurohman, A. K. Muzakir. 2020. Performance of Karangantu Nusantara Fishing Port - Banten, Indonesia. Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 9(2): 344–355. https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.9.2.17457.

Taurusman, A.A., D. Shafrudin, T.W. Nurani, D. Komarudin. 2018. Restocking of sea cucumbers fishery in Kepulauan Seribu: An ecosystem approach. Mar Fish J Mar Fish Technol Manag, 9(2):235–244. doi:10.29244/jmf.9.2.235-244.

Telussa, R.F., M. Limbong, U. Rahmani. 2022. Degradation of fishing grounds in the coastal area of Tangerang Regency. AACL Bioflux, 15(5):2560–2572.

Tuasikal, T. 2020. Inventory of environmentally friendly fishing equipment in Werinama Village, East Seram Regency. J Agrohut, 11(1):19–24. doi:https://doi.org/10.51135/agh.v11i1.3.

Wang, Y., H. Jiang, J. Jin, X. Zhang, X Lu, Y. Wang. 2015. Spatial-temporal variations of chlorophyll-a in the adjacent sea area of the yangtze river estuary influenced by yangtze river discharge. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 12(5):5420–5438. doi:10.3390/ijerph120505420.

Warren, C., D.J. Steenbergen. 2021. Fisheries decline, local livelihoods and conflicted governance: An Indonesian case. Ocean Coast Manag, 202(2021):1–13. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105498.

Wijayanto, D., I. Setiyanto, H.A. Setyawan. 2020. Bio-economic model of Danish seine and purse seine fisheries in Rembang Regency, Indonesia. Egypt J Aquat Res, 46(1):63–70. doi:10.1016/j.ejar.2019.11.001.

Witomo, C.M. 2019. Coastal management using economic instruments approach: theoretical review and its opportunity. Bul Ilm “MARINA” Sos Ekon Kelaut dan Perikan, 5(1):39–52. doi:10.15578/marina.v5i1.7638.

Yang, C., H. Ye. 2022. Enhanced chlorophyll-a in the coastal waters near the Eastern Guangdong during the downwelling favorable wind period. Remote Sens, 14(5):1–20. doi:10.3390/rs14051138.

Yulianto, G., K. Suwardi, L. Adrianto, M. Machfud. 2016. Status of demersal fish resource management around the coast in Indramayu Regency, West Java. Omni-Akuatika, 12(3):1–10. doi:10.20884/1.oa.2016.12.3.113.

Yusfiandayani, R., D. Simbolon, W. Damayanti. 2020. The effectiveness of portable FAD with hand line in Banten Waters. J Teknol Perikan dan Kelaut, 11(2):215–224. doi:https://doi.org/10.24319/jtpk.11.215-224.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.12.3.34934

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PUBLISHER ADDRESS:

Faculty of Marine and Fisheries
Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jalan Meureubo No. 1, Kopelma Darussalam
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

This work  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - 4.0 International Public License (CC BY - 4.0).

Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan is accredited by Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Riset dan Pengembangan Kemenristekdikti Republic of Indonesia starts from Volume 7 Number 3, 2018 based on decree letter (SK) No. 30 / E / KPT / 2019, November 11, 2019 (Sinta  2 Grade)