Pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup larva ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) pada konsentrasi tepung daun jaloh (Salix tetrasperma Roxb) yang berbeda dalam pakan

Cut Dara Dewi, Zainal A. Muchlisin, Sugito .

Abstract


Abstract. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possibility of jaloh leaf powders as alternative raw material for the formulated diet ofAfrican catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Four concentrations of jaloh leaf powders (0%, 5%, 10% and 15%) were examined in this study. The experimental fish were fed three times a day (on 08.00 am, 12.00 am and 17.00 pm) with feeding ration of 5% of body weight and the fish was reared for 35 days. The ANOVA test showed that the different concentration of jaloh leaf powders gave a significantly effect on growth performance of African catfish larvae (P<0,05) but did not give significantly effect on the survival rate (P>0,05). The Duncans test showed that the higher survival rate and growth performance were found in the control (without jaloh leaf powders). Therefore it is concluded that the jaloh leaf powders is not suitable as alternativerows material for African catfish diet.

Key words: Protein; Carbohydrate; Catfish; Alternative feed

 

Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kemungkinan pemanfaatan  tepung daun jaloh (S. tetrasperma) sebagai bahan baku alternatif untuk pakan ikan lele(C. gariepinus). Dalam penelitian ini telah diuji beberapa tingkat proporsi tepung daun jaloh yaitu (0%, 5%, 10%, dan 15%) .Pemberian pakan dilakukan tiga kali sehari, yaitu pada pukul 08.00, 12.00 dan 17.00 WIB,sebanyak5%dari berat bobot tubuhnyaselama 35 hari. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa pemberian tepung daun jaloh memberikan pengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap pertumbuhan mutlak dan pertumbuhan harian benih ikan lele dumbo (P<0,05), namun tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kelangsungan hidup (P>0,05). Uji lanjut Duncan’s  menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan kontrol (tanpa daun jaloh) dalam pakan memberikan hasil terbaik dari segi pertumbuhan mutlak, pertumbuhan harian dan kelangsungan hidup. Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan tepung daun jaloh kurang sesuai sebagai bahan baku alternatif dalam pakan ikan lele dumbo.

Kata kunci: Protein; Karbohidrat; Ikan lele; Pakan alternatif


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.2.2.725

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PUBLISHER ADDRESS:

Faculty of Marine and Fisheries
Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jalan Meureubo No. 1, Kopelma Darussalam
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia

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