Produktivitas dan Nilai Ternak Sapi Lokal serta Kerbau di Pasar Tradisional

Asti Fatmawati Fatonah, Rudy Priyanto, Henny Nuraini, Edit Lesa Aditia

Abstract


ABSTRACT. Kebutuhan domestik daging sapi dan kerbau sebagian besar disuplai dari ternak lokal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah karakterisasi produktivitas sapi Bali, sapi PO, dan kerbau serta nilai ternak di pasar tradisional berdasarkan kondisi ternak hidup, karkas dan non karkas serta komponen karkas dan non karkas. Penelitian ini menggunakan 17 ekor sapi lokal dan kerbau jantan, meliputi sapi Bali 6 ekor, sapi PO 6 ekor, dan kerbau 5 ekor dengan umur I2-I4. Data dianalisis menggunakan analysis of covariance dengan prosedur general linear model dan least square mean. Peubah yang diamati meliputi bobot potong, bobot dan persentase karkas, bobot komponen karkas, bobot dan persentase non karkas, bobot komponen non karkas, serta nilai ternak di pasar tradisional di daerah Bogor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ternak lokal dengan produktivitas karkas dan daging tertinggi yaitu sapi Bali, diikuti sapi PO dan kerbau. Persentase karkas sapi Bali 50,39%, sapi PO 49,96%, dan kerbau 46,41%. Sapi Bali memiliki persentase total daging tertinggi yaitu 72,23%, diikuti sapi PO 69,54%, dan kerbau 67,61%. Namun, kerbau memiliki hasil non karkas tertinggi, diikuti sapi PO dan sapi Bali. Berdasarkan bobot karkas dan komponen karkas, sapi Bali memiliki nilai ternak tertinggi, sedangkan sapi PO memiliki nilai ternak yang tinggi pada non karkas. Sapi Bali dan sapi PO memiliki nilai ternak lebih tinggi dari kerbau. Sapi dan kerbau akan mempunyai nilai tambah tertinggi pada saat diolah menjadi komponen karkas dan komponen non karkas. 

 

(Productivity and economic value of local cattle and buffalo in traditional markets) 

ABSTRAK. Domestic beef and buffalo supply mainly comes from local livestock. The purpose of this study was to compare the productivity of Bali cattle, PO cattle, and buffaloes, and their economic values for traditional markets based on live weight, carcass weight, and carcass and non-carcass component weights. This study used 17 heads of local bull and male buffaloes, comprising 6 Bali cattle, 6 PO cattle and 5 local buffaloes aged I2-I4. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance, with the general linear model and least square mean procedures. Parameters observed included slaughter weight, weight and percentages of carcass, carcass components, non-carcass, non-carcass components, and their prices according to Bogor traditional market. The results showed that the local cattle with the highest productivity and meat yield were Bali cattle, followed by PO cattle and buffalo. The carcass percentage of Bali cattle were 50.39%, PO cattle were 49.96%, and buffalo were 46.41%. Bali cattle produced the highest meat yield 72.23%, followed by PO cattle 69.54%, and buffalo 67.61%. However, buffalo had the highest non-carcass productivity, followed by PO and Bali cattle. Based on carcass and its component weights, Bali cattle had the highest economic value, whereas PO cattle had the highest value on non-carcass weights. Bali cattle and PO cattle had higher economic value than buffalo. The ruminant animal had its highest added value when processed into carcass and non-carcass components.


Keywords


Bali cattle; buffalo; economic value; kerbau; nilai ternak; PO cattle; productivity; produktivitas ternak; sapi Bali; sapi PO

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v23i1.22818

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